Tagamet 4000 Mg/500 Mg Injection, being an anti-bacterial agent, is used for treating several serious bacterial infections. It may also be used to prevent infections during surgery. It works by blocking the growth of the bacterial cell wall, which eventually kills the bacteria.
This medicine is not recommended for you if you are allergic towards any penicillin or cephalosporin drug. Avoid using it if you are taking a tetracycline antibiotic. Some medications may interact with Tagamet 4000 Mg/500 Mg Injection so inform your doctor if you are taking any other medicines. Consult your doctor before taking the medicine if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding, or have cystic fibrosis, bleeding problems, bowel inflammation, congestive heart failure or any kidney problems.
Tagamet 4000 Mg/500 Mg Injection is not absorbed orally, and must therefore be given by intramuscular or intravenous injection which is administered into the body by a health care professional.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Internal Medicine Specialist before using this medicine.
Memory slips are aggravating, frustrating, and sometimes worrisome. When they happen more than they should, they can trigger fears of looming dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. there are many mundane—and treatable—causes of forgetfulness. Here are seven common ones and how can homeopathic treatment can help you.To know more about homeopathy and homeopathic treatment read more.....
Lack of sleep.
Not getting enough sleep is perhaps the greatest unappreciated cause of memory slips. Too little restful sleep can also lead to mood changes and anxiety, which in turn contribute to problems with memory.
Tranquilizers, antidepressants, some blood pressure drugs, and other medications can affect memory, usually by causing sedation or confusion. That can make it difficult to pay close attention to new things. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you suspect that a new medication is taking the edge off your memory. As shown in the table below, alternatives are usually available.
*Medications* that may affect memory and possible substitutes
If you take these drug, ask about switching to one of these drugs:
1.paroxetine (Paxil) another antidepressant such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft), or a different type of antidepressant such as duloxetine (Cymbalta) or venlafaxine (Effexor)
2.cimetidine (Tagamet) a different type of heartburn drug, such as lansoprazole (Prevacid), omeprazole (Prilosec), or esomeprazole (Nexium)
3.oxybutynin (Ditropan) or tolterodine (Detrol, Detrusitol) other medications for an overactive bladder, such as trospium (Sanctura), solifenacin (Vesicare), or darifenacin (Enablex)
4.amitriptyline (Elavil), desipramine (Norpramin), or nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor) another type of medication, depending on why your doctor has prescribed a tricyclic antidepressant (neuropathic pain, depression, etc.)
5.*captopril (Capoten)* a different type of ACE inhibitor, such as enalapril, lisinopril, or ramipril
cold or allergy medication containing brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, or diphenhydramine loratadine (Claritin) or other non-sedating antihistamine
(Adapted from Improving Memory: Understanding age-related memory loss, a Harvard Medical School Special Health Report)
A faltering thyroid can affect memory (as well as disturb sleep and cause depression, both of which contribute to memory slips). A simple blood test can tell if your thyroid is doing its job properly.
Drinking too much alcohol can interfere with short-term memory, even after the effects of alcohol have worn off. Although “too much” varies from person to person, it’s best to stick with the recommendation of no more than two drinks per day for men and no more than one a day for women. One drink is generally defined as 1.5 ounces (1 shot glass) of 80-proof spirits, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.
Stress and anxiety.
Anything that makes it harder to concentrate and lock in new information and skills can lead to memory problems. Stress and anxiety fill the bill. Both can interfere with attention and block the formation of new memories or the retrieval of old ones.
Common signs of depression include a stifling sadness, lack of drive, and lessening of pleasure in things you ordinarily enjoy. Forgetfulness can also be a sign of depression—or a consequence of it.
If memory lapses are bugging you, it’s worth a conversation with your doctor to see if any reversible causes are at the root of the problem. Something like getting more sleep, switching a medication, or a stress reduction program could get your memory back on track.
TREATMENT PROTOCOLS FOR POOR MEMORY
Spleen Kidney and heart are the 3 organs which provides memory
●Following are the three patterns of poor memory :
1) spleen deficiency causes poor memory, inability to concentrate and study.
2) deficiency of kidney essence causes poor everyday memory.
3) heart deficiency causes poor memory of past events , forgetting names.
1) Spleen deficiency causes
poor memory inability to concentrate
Main symptoms :
1) poor memory
3) poor appetite
4) *pale tongue*
5) *weak pulse*
Treatment principle :
1) tone the spleen
2) strengthen intellect. Spleen houses intellect , which controls memorisation, study and concentration.
2) Kidney essence deficiency
causes poor memory everyday.
Main symptoms :
1) poor everyday memory
2) can not remember names , faces, roads etc.
6) if kidney yang is deficient , tongue will be
7) if kidney yin is deficient the tongue will be
Treatment principles :
1) tone the kidney
2) nourish essence and marrow
3) Heart deficiency causes
Main symptoms :
1) poor memory of past events
2) forgetting names
3) absent mindedness
5) slight breathlessness
6) if there is heart yang deficiency the tongue will be pale with heart cracking
7) if there is heart yin deficiency the tongue will be red with heart crack
Treatment principle :
1) *tone the heart*
2) strengthen the mind and memory
There are many remedies in homeopathy to treat this condition. It requires a detailed study of the patient to know his/her lifestyle and life circumstances to be able to diagnose at the correct cause/causes so as to administer the right remedy. Since homeopathic medicines do not have sideeffects this is a very great advantage.
As couples prepare for pregnancy, it is easy to focus only on the woman's health. However, there are several habits men need to be forming during these critical months of preparation too. Issues of fertility do not rest solely on the female.
'agents that may cause birth defects do not reach the developing fetus through the father as they do from the pregnant mother,' but we do know that male exposure to certain substances can lead to some preliminary problems with fertility and also slightly elevate the risk of certain birth defects.
Male infertility alone accounts for approximately 1/3 of all infertility cases. Should fertility issues arise, you should plan ahead to be in the best physical condition to conceive.
Clean out the medicine cabinet
Eliminate as many medications from your routine as possible. Talk with your physician about your prescription medications. You may need to discontinue use or try something new.
The following medications have been known to impact male fertility:
Take a good look at your work environment
Your work environment may be a contributing factor to your fertility. Ongoing exposure to certain agents such as pesticides, chemical fertilizers, lead, nickel, mercury, chromium, ethylene glycol ethers, petrochemicals, benzene, perchloroethylene, and radiation can lower sperm quality, quantity and possibly lead to infertility or miscarriage.
Adding more vitamin e may also help the process along. There are male fertility supplements available containing vitamins, minerals and other ingredients designed to help improve overall reproductive health.
Also, keep in mind getting plenty of rest is good for everything that ails you, even low sperm count and sperm quality.
Avoid alcohol and other substances
Eliminate alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and any illicit drugs. Too much alcohol may reduce zinc levels, and drugs decrease sperm quality. There is some research that may link smoking and certain rare heart defects, but further studies must be done to make an accurate conclusion. Marijuana has been proven to affect sperm quality and sperm count, but there is no evidence that shows that marijuana causes birth defects.
Keep your testicles cool
Heat from hot tubs, saunas, long showers (more than 30 minutes), heating pads, electric blankets, and tight clothing like briefs and spandex could cause your testicles to become too hot, which decreases sperm quantity.
Stay away from cycling
Cycling can cause a lot of friction and jostling, which increases the temperature of your testicles. The rise in temperature and possibility of injury may cause a low sperm count.
Erectile dysfunction (ed), formerly called impotence, can affect men of all ages although it is much more common among older men. It is normal for healthy men of all ages to occasionally experience erectile dysfunction. However, if the problem becomes chronic, it can have adverse effects on relationships, emotional health, and self-esteem. Erectile dysfunction may also be a symptom of an underlying health condition. If erectile dysfunction becomes an on-going problem, it is important to talk to your doctor.
Causes of erectile dysfunction
Physical causes are the main reasons for erectile dysfunction. They include heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, neurological disease, medication side effects, and other health conditions.
Psychological causes of erectile dysfunction include anxiety, depression, stress, and problems in relationships.
Lifestyle factors that increase the risk for erectile dysfunction include smoking, alcohol use, and other substance abuse.
Erectile dysfunction (formerly called impotence) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficiently rigid for sexual intercourse. Sexual drive and the ability to have an orgasm are not necessarily affected. Because all men have erection problems from time to time, doctors diagnose erectile dysfunction if a man fails to maintain an erection satisfactory for intercourse on at least 25% of attempts.
Erectile dysfunction is not new in either medicine or human experience, but it is not easily or openly discussed. Cultural expectations of male sexuality inhibit many men from seeking help for a disorder that can usually benefit from medical treatment.
The penis and erectile function
The structure of the penis. The penis is composed of the following structures:
Two parallel columns of spongy tissue called the corpus cavernosa, or erectile bodies.
A central spongy chamber called the corpus spongiosum, which contains the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder through the penis.
These structures are made up of erectile tissue. Erectile tissue is rich in tiny pools of blood vessels called cavernous sinuses. Each of these vessels is surrounded by smooth muscles and supported by elastic fibrous tissue composed of a protein called collagen.
Erectile function and nitric oxide. The penis is either flaccid or erect depending on the state of arousal. In the flaccid, or unerect, penis, the following normally occurs:
Small arteries leading to the cavernous sinuses contract, reducing the inflow of blood.
The smooth muscles regulating the many tiny blood vessels also stay contracted, limiting the amount of blood that can collect in the penis.
During arousal, the following occurs:
The man's central nervous system stimulates the release of a number of chemicals, including nitric oxide, which is essential for producing and maintaining an erection.
Nitric oxide stimulates the production of cyclic GMP, a chemical that relaxes the smooth muscles in the penis. This allows blood to flow into the tiny pool-like cavernous sinuses, flooding the penis.
This increased blood flow nearly doubles the diameter of the spongy chambers.
The veins surrounding the chambers are squeezed almost completely shut by this pressure.
The veins are unable to drain blood out of the penis and so the penis becomes rigid and erect.
After ejaculation or climax, cyclic GMP is broken down by an enzyme called phosphodiesterase-5 (pde5), causing the penis to become flaccid (unerect) again.
Important substances for erectile health
A proper balance of certain chemicals, gases, and other substances is critical for erectile health.
Collagen. The protein collagen is the major component in structural tissue in the body, including in the penis. Excessive amounts, however, form scar tissue, which can impair erectile function.
Oxygen. Oxygen-rich blood is one of the most important components for erectile health. Oxygen levels vary widely from reduced levels in the flaccid state to very high in the erect state. During sleep, a man can normally have three to five erections per night, bringing oxygen-rich blood to the penis. The primary cause of oxygen deprivation is ischemia -- the blockage of blood vessels. The same blood flow-reducing conditions that lead to heart disease, such as atherosclerosis, may also contribute to erectile dysfunction.
Testosterone and other hormones. Normal levels of hormones, especially testosterone, are essential for erectile function, though their exact role is not clear.
Over the past decades, the medical perspective on the causes of erectile dysfunction has shifted. Common belief used to attribute almost all cases of ed to psychological factors. Now doctors believe that up to 85% of ed cases are caused by medical or physical problems. Only 15% are completely psychologically based. Sometimes, erectile dysfunction is due to a combination of physical and psychological causes.
A number of medical conditions share a common problem with erectile dysfunction -- the impaired ability of blood vessels to open and allow normal blood flow.
Heart disease, atherosclerosis, and high blood pressure
Heart disease, atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels are major risk factors for erectile dysfunction. In fact, erectile problems may be a warning sign of these conditions in men at risk for atherosclerosis. Men who experience ed have a greater risk for angina, heart attack, or stroke.
Erectile dysfunction is a very common problem in men with high blood pressure. Many of the drugs used to treat hypertension (such as calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers) may also cause ed.
Diabetes is a major risk factor for erectile dysfunction. Blood vessel and nerve damage are both common complications of diabetes. When the blood vessels or nerves of the penis are involved, erectile dysfunction can result. Diabetes is also associated with heart disease and chronic kidney disease, other risk factors for ed.
Obesity increases the risk for diabetes, heart disease, and erectile dysfunction.
Metabolic syndrome -- a cluster of conditions that includes obesity and abdominal fat, unhealthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and insulin resistance -- is also a risk factor for erectile dysfunction in men older than 50 years.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Although benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or 'enlarged prostate') does not cause erectile dysfunction, surgical and drug treatments for the condition can increase the risk for erectile dysfunction.
Diseases that affect the central nervous system can cause erectile dysfunction. These conditions include Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke.
Endocrinologic and hormonal conditions