Birth defects are problems that happen when the baby is developing in the mother’s womb. Most of the birth defects happen during the first 3 months of pregnancy. They are structural or functional abnormalities that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life or during birth. They may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors.
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS DIAGNOSED?
A gynaecologist diagnoses birth defects during pregnancy by an ultrasound scan. A paediatrician diagnosed after birth through physical examination. Specific tests are used after birth to diagnose each kind of birth defect
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS TREATED?
The severity as well as the kind of defect will usually influence the type of treatment that will be used by the pediatrician or any other specialist. Surgeries and medication may be required for defects that can affect the overall quality of the baby’s life.