Aplastic anaemia is a rare disease of the bone marrow. The haematopoietic stem cells present in the bone marrow, as well as the bone marrow, is damaged in patients with aplastic anaemia. It is characterized by pancytopenia and marrow hypoplasia. Symptoms are similar to those with decreased bone marrow production, such as: • Anaemia or bleeding • Pallor • Headache • Palpitations • Fatigue • Foot swelling • Overt or recurring infections • Oropharyngeal ulcerations
HOW IS APLASTIC ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The general physician or a specialist from the hematology department can diagnose the condition with the help of a blood test that will give a count of the platelets to find out whether or not they fall within a certain range. Also, a bone marrow biopsy may be conducted for diagnosis.
HOW IS APLASTIC ANEMIA TREATED?
First line of treatment by a general physician is by prescribing immunosuppressive drugs. Stem cell transplantation is also used
DID YOU KNOW?
Post treatment, follow ups through regular blood count tests are extremely important for ruling out remission of aplastic anaemia.