Extradural Hematoma is a traumatic head injury. It is also known as epidural haemorrhage. Extradural Hematoma occurs when blood collects between the outer membrane of the nervous system and the skull. It usually occurs due to a skull fracture during childhood or adolescence. Typical symptom of Extradural Hematoma is loss of consciousness followed by alertness, then again loss of consciousness. Other symptoms are:
• Enlarged pupil
• Head injury
• Nausea or vomiting
• Weakness or numbness in any part of the body
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA DIAGNOSED?
The general physician would want to do a CT scan or MRI immediately after seeing these symptoms. Since this is associated with external injuries, a delay may be fatal.
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA TREATED?
An extradural hemorrhage is an emergency condition. Treatment goals include taking measures to save the person's life, controlling symptoms, and minimizing or preventing permanent damage to the brain. The doctor may prescribe medications to reduce inflammation and intracranial pressure during the initial phase of treatment. Surgery is generally recommended to remove the clot and reduce pressure on the brain. Aspiration is effective for a very small epidural hematoma that is not causing pressure or damage to the surrounding tissue.
DID YOU KNOW?
Without prompt surgical treatment, Extradural Hematoma results in death