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An infection in the upper airway tract, caused due to inflammation of the larynx or vocal chords may be termed as Croup. The symptoms include breathing problems and a persistent hoarse cough. It may also be caused due to swelling in the bronchial tubes and trachea.
HOW IS CROUP DIAGNOSED?
The paediatrician will diagnose a child with croup with a stethoscope to examine the breathing pattern. An exam of the throat may reveal a red epiglottis. A neck x-ray may reveal a foreign object or narrowing of the trachea.
HOW IS CROUP TREATED?
Children with croup are generally kept as calm as possible. Steroids are given routinely, with epinephrine used in severe cases. Children with oxygen saturations under 92% should receive oxygen, and those with severe croup may be hospitalized for observation. If oxygen is needed, ""blow-by"" administration (holding an oxygen source near the child's face) is recommended, as it causes less agitation than the use of a mask. With treatment, less than 0.2% of people require endotracheal intubation
DID YOU KNOW?
Complications of croup lead to drooling, difficulty in swallowing, noisy breathing and bluish or greyish skin