Necrotizing Enterocolitis is a medical condition that is commonly seen in premature infants. In infants with Necrotizing Enterocolitis, portions of the bowel may undergo necrosis or tissue death. It is a serious condition that often results in death. It occurs when the inner lining of the intestine is damaged and begins to die. Symptoms are:
• Bloating or swelling of abdomen
• Bloody stools or diarrhea
• Discoloration of abdomen
• Poor feeding
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician/Pediatrics diagnoses Necrotizing Enterocolitis by doing a physical examination and X-Ray of the abdomen to closely monitor and look for signs of infections.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
The severity, age of child and overall health of the child is considered before treating the child for Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Fluids and nutrients are administered intravenously and antibiotics are given to fight infection. Severe cases need surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
In severe cases of the necrotizing enterocolitis, the inner lining of the intestinal tissues gets inflamed to an extent that there can be a hole created on the walls of the intestines. This can cause bacteria found inside the intestine to leak into the abdomen causing widespread infection.