Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease that occurs when the intestinal tissue become damaged and begins to die. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Necrotizing Enterocolitis include swelling in the abdomen, bloody stools, and diarrhea. If not treated, Necrotizing Enterocolitis can become life-threatening. In a severe case of Necrotizing Enterocolitis, a hole may form in the wall of the intestine and if this happens, the bacteria normally found inside the intestine can leak into the abdomen and cause infection.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician can diagnose the condition during a thorough physical examination. The doctor or a paediatric specialist will check the baby’s abdomen for swelling, pain or tenderness. Abdominal x-ray will help in definitive diagnosis.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
Treatment for this includes antibiotics, intravenous fluids or IV and in some cases, surgery becomes mandatory for recovery. And in most cases, the child is able to get over the same completely without any risks or future complications. Delaying treatment may prove fatal.
DID YOU KNOW?
According to research, at least 10% of babies who are under 3 pounds at the time of birth have a higher chance of developing Necrotizing enterocolitis or NEC.