It is a rare condition in which there is calcium deposition in the soft tissue in periarticular location i.e. around joints. The accumulations are outside the joint capsule. They are frequently seen in patients undergoing renal dialysis. It is also considered by some to have a hereditary predisposition. The symptom that the accumulations cause is not pain but swelling around joints. They have propensity to enlarge progressively and ulcerate the overlying skin and extrude. They are most common around shoulders, hips and elbows. Laboratory evaluation reveals normal serum calcium levels and hyperphosphatemia.
HOW IS FAMILIAL TUMORAL CALCINOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Laboratory evaluation is recommended by a general physician when there is swelling around the joints that is prominent yet there is no associated pain. The lab tests will reveal normal serum calcium levels with hyperphosphatemia.
HOW IS FAMILIAL TUMORAL CALCINOSIS TREATED?
The treatment focuses on the balancing of the levels of phosphate levels and resection of lesion. Surgery is performed to remove the excess growth. Medicines are prescribed as painkillers in many cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Familial Tumoral Calcinosis may lead to limitation of joint movements which may cause disruption in regular functioning of the joints.