Thalassemias are a group of blood disorders that affect the way the body makes hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. It's made up of alpha globin and beta globin. Thalassemias are inherited conditions — they're carried in the genes and passed on from parents to children. People who are carriers of a thalassemia gene show no thalassemia symptoms and might not know they're carriers. If both parents are carriers, they can pass the disease to their kids. Thalassemias are not contagious.
HOW IS THALASSEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A blood sample will be tested by your general physician to diagnose the condition. Depending on the type and severity of the thalassemia, a physical examination might also help your doctor make a diagnosis.
HOW IS THALASSEMIA TREATED?
Treatments for moderate to severe thalassemia may include frequent blood transfusions and stem cell transplant
DID YOU KNOW?
People who have mild or minor forms of thalassemia can typically lead normal lives. Different forms of thalassemia can be severe to mild. In severe cases, heart failure is a danger.