In Mycetoma a patient experiences chronic inflammation of the tissues in the body because of actinomycetes or fungi. The problem starts off as a small hard painless lump that usually happens under the skin. Eventually this tends to grow affecting the bones and the muscles. There would also be sinus tracts developing in the areas that may have some sort of pus discharge.
HOW IS MYCETOMA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Mycetoma is based on the presence of grains in the discharge. A needle is used to obtain sample of the discharge for observation. Skin biopsy may be needed in some cases. Black grains suggest a fungal infection, while white grains are due to actinomadura pelletieri
HOW IS MYCETOMA TREATED?
Treatment for mycetoma is done using medicines and Streptomycin injections. The doctor would also prescribe Oral cotrimoxazole along with Amikacin. In rare cases, the patient would require surgery for complete tissue removal.
DID YOU KNOW?
Mycetoma is more common in men than in women and in the age group of 25 to 50 years. The condition is present as a single skin lesion that may persist for years. Two thirds of the cases have the infection on the foot.