A dislocation of bone is when it slips out of its position eg arm bone that fits on the shoulder slides out of the joint as shoulder dislocation. A joint dislocation could lead to damage to the ligaments, nerves, or blood vessels and it should be considered a medical emergency. This incident needs to be reported to the medical health care specialist on an emergency basis and required immediate attention. Joint dislocations occur due to unexpected or abrupt impact on the bone joint or it may be followed by a blow, fall or other trauma. The dislocation is very painful and may cause severe discomfort to the patient. The patient may experience numbness around the dislocated area. The orthopedist will perform a physical examination and suggest an x-ray to diagnose the situation. The doctor will give sedatives or anesthetics to the patient to manipulate the joint back to position by comforting the procedure for the patient. The specialist will suggest immobilization by using sling, splint or a cast for some weeks till the joint has healed completely. The patient may be prescribed with some medicines to get relief from pain and muscle relaxants. A surgery may be suggested for cases when the dislocation has affected the blood vessels and nerves. Dislocated knee or hip dislocation may take longer periods of healing for upto 6 months and the patient is advised to refrain from strenuous physical activity to recover completely.
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