One of the best ways to protect children is to ensure they have all of their vaccinations. Due to the advancements in medical sciences a number of diseases that once killed thousands of children, have been eliminated completely and others are close to extinction. There are ten vaccines of children which must be the part of baby immunization schedule, that children receive between birth and 6 years age can prevent these 14 diseases. They are Hepatitis A vaccine, Hepatitis B vaccine , Hib vaccine, Influenza (flu) vaccine , PCV13 vaccine, Polio vaccine, Rotavirus (RV) vaccine, Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, DTP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis) vaccine and MMR(Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) vaccine. These vaccines are given by injection, except for rotavirus, which is a liquid that is swallowed, and one type of flu vaccine, which is sprayed into the nose. One must follow the baby vaccination schedule, which lists the childhood vaccines against the ages. The babies vaccination schedule lists the vaccinations that needs to be given at birth and in 2nd, 4th, 6th, 12th and 15th month. For some of these vaccines, a booster dose is also recommended at 4-6 years of age. A dose of flu vaccine is recommended every winter for children 6 months or older. Several combination vaccines are available for children that contain more than one vaccine in a single shot. Children traveling abroad require other vaccines including Japanese encephalitis, typhoid, meningococcal, or yellow fever vaccines.
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