Cardioversion Treatment is a medical technique to restore a normal heart rhythm for people who have certain types of abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias) using drugs or electricity. Synchronised electrical cardioversion uses a therapeutic dose of electric current to the heart at a specific moment in the cardiac cycle whereas Pharmacologic cardioversion also called chemical cardioversion uses anti-arrhythmia medication instead of an electrical shock. Defibrillation is the most effective resuscitation measure for cardiac arrest associated with ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia as it uses a therapeutic dose of electric current to the heart at a random instant in the cardiac cycle. During cardioversion, shocks are delivered to one's chest by the cardioversion machine while the heart rhythm is monitored the cardiologist. Mostly, Cardioversion is done by sending electric shocks to your heart through electrodes placed on your chest whereas in some cases, a cardiologist may perform cardioversion using only medications to restore one's heart's rhythm. During the procedure, the nurse will place large patches called electrodes on chest and back. The electrodes will be connected to a cardioversion machine (defibrillator) using wires. The defibrillator will record one's heart rhythm throughout the procedure and will deliver shocks to one's heart to restore a normal heart rhythm. This machine can also pace one's heart if it beats too slowly after cardioversion. Electric cardioversion is done on an outpatient basis which means that one can go home the same day the procedure is done. One will spend about an hour in a recovery room being closely monitored for complications.
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