The stones, made up of bile components which develop within the gallbladder of a person are gallstones. Sometimes, these gallstones may pass into other parts of the biliary tract ( these include- common bile duct, cystic duct, pancreatic duct or the ampulla of Vater). Acute cholecystitis can result from the presence of gallstones. The gallstones present in other parts of the biliary tract, can cause obstruction in the bile duct resulting in either ascending cholangitis or pancreatitis which are two very serious, life threatening conditions. It can be diagnosed by an ultrasound. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, Cholecystectomy, Endoscopic retrograde sphincterotomy and Retrograde cholangiopancreatography can help in treating this condition.
HOW IS GALLSTONES DIAGNOSED?
Non-vegetarians have 9 times more risk of having gallstones than vegetarians.