Heart bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery IS recommend heart bypass surgery when the coronary arteries develop blockages and deposits that start interfering with the normal flow of blood. This condition is called coronary artery disease, or atherosclerosis.
Bypass surgery is performed, in the case of severe blockages that cannot be resolved with medication or other treatment. The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. Open heart surgery necessitates a large incision to the chest. Modern techniques advanced instruments can be performed with smaller incisions. A healthy blood vessel from the chest wall or leg is used to replace the blocked or damaged artery. Functioning of the bypass is checked before stitching up the patient. Common side effects from the procedure include short-term memory loss, confusion, and trouble keeping track of time.
The patient is kept in intensive care unit for one or two days before being shifted to the general ward. The patient is usually retained in the hospital for seven to ten days.
Post-surgery care includes care for the incision wounds, rest, and medication to prevent infections. Complete recovery from heart bypass surgery can take between six and 12 weeks. The patient should avoid all heavy exertion and physical activity and lift heavy weights. Those recovering should also avoid driving until they receive approval from their doctor. A cardiac rehabilitation program may be recommended after surgery that helps the patient to inculcate dietary changes and lifestyle measure for optimum benefits.