The thyroid is a small gland located below the Adam's apple in the neck. It releases hormones which increase the amount of oxygen your body uses and stimulates your cells to produce new proteins. Thyroid Problems occur when the thyroid gland becomes either underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism). Thyroid problems are more common in women than men and cancer may also develop in the thyroid gland. Some of the common signs of Thyroid Problems are mild weight gain, irregular menstruation, enlarged thyroid, hand tremors and other such signs. An Endocrinologist diagnoses Thyroid Problems by initially testing the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and later, performing a blood test to check for the increased levels of TSH. Often, the doctor can perform an ultrasound of the thyroid to check for swelling or nodules. There is no treatment to stop the immune system from attacking the thyroid gland and causing it to overproduce hormones. Thyroid problems treatment usually involves medication and surgery in advanced cases. The usual treatment for Hypothyroidism is Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy in which synthetic thyroid hormone is taken by mouth to replace the missing thyroid hormone. Treatment is usually life-long. Treating Thyroid Problems takes a long time but soon after starting the treatment, you will notice that you're feeling less fatigued and although the treatment is usually lifelong but the dosage can change. If Hyperthyroidism is left untreated or is not treated properly, a life-threatening complication called thyroid storm can occur.