Chest pain is a feeling of discomfort or pressure anywhere from your neck to upper abdomen. It may be caused due to heart problems, lung problems, gastrointestinal problems and muscle and nerve problems. Symptoms of chest pain are sharp, stabbing or dull pain anywhere in the neck t o upper abdomen region. Apart from these common symptoms, you may have other symptoms like dizziness, pressure, squeezing sensation etc. based on the cause of chest pain
HOW IS CHEST PAIN DIAGNOSED?
A general physician/cardiologist diagnoses chest pain by physical examination and clinical picture, initially. Later the following tests are done:
2. Chest X-Ray
3. Blood test
5. MRI scan
6. Stress test
HOW IS CHEST PAIN TREATED?
The general surgeon will usually prescribe medication like nitroglycerin and blood thinners to try and open the clogged arteries. Surgical repair and lung re inflation may also be conducted for relevant cases. Antacids may also be prescribed for reflux relief.
DID YOU KNOW?
Chest pain should not be ignored and it should be reported immediately as it could be a life threatening symptom.
One of the main reasons for chest pain is the onset of a cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease, various heart conditions lead to a number of problems. Some examples of cardiovascular disease are-
Angina- Angina is a form of pain which occurs when the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart, becomes narrow. As a result it restricts the blood supply to the heart, leading to the pain. Coronary arteries can become narrow, because of fat deposits or plaque. Generally, angina pain is a sort of dull ache or discomfort across the chest, which tends to recede when one takes rest.
Heart attack- Also known as myocardial infraction, it occurs because of coronary artery blockage due to a blood clot. Symptoms of heart attack include intense pain in the chest, which may affect the jaw or the left arm. You may also tend to start sweating and feeling faint. Heart attack pain is very similar to angina, but more intense.
Ischemic heart disease- This condition leads to an ischemic stroke, which affects brain cells. In a patient with Ischemic heart disease a blockage may result in restricted flow of blood from the heart to the brain.
Heart failure- Also commonly known as congestive heart failure, it is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood the way it should. The symptoms of this condition may vary from chest pain to discomfort.
Various other causes of chest pain are-
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease- This term is generally used for two conditions- acid reflux and oesophagitis. Both these conditions lead to great discomfort and their onset is generally after a meal. The most common symptom is heartburn. One may also feel slight stomach pain or lower abdominal pain. A burning sensation in the abdominal region is also common. A sense of bloating, bad taste in the mouth and belching are other symptoms that one may experience.
Anxiety- Research has shown that anxiety can prove to be a cause of chest pain too. This is known as Da Costa’s syndrome.
In case of chest pain a doctor should be immediately consulted, to avoid any further complications.
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