Osteoporosis affects one in three women and one in five men aged 50 years and above is likely to suffer an osteoporotic fracture, worldwide.
How is osteoporosis treated?
Treatments have been established for osteoporosis and include exercise, vitamin and mineral supplements, as well as medications. Exercise and supplementation are often suggested in order to help you prevent osteoporosis. Weight-bearing, resistance, muscle building and balance exercises are all important. A doctor will recommend medication and exercises that best suits you.
Hormone and hormone-related therapy includes estrogen, testosterone. When it comes to estrogen therapy, women who undergo menopause require it and testosterone is prescribed to increase bone density in men.
Bisphosphonate osteoporosis treatments are considered anti-reabsorptive drugs. They work by stopping the body from re-absorbing bone tissue.
Biologics is a product available in the form of an injection given every six months to both women and men. It is often used when other treatments have failed. Denosumab can be used even in some cases of reduced kidney function. Its long-term effects are unknown, but there are potentially serious side effects. These include possible problems with bones in the thigh or jaw and serious infection.
Anabolic agents are products that help build bone in people who have osteoporosis. Women whose bone density test shows T-scores of -2.5 or lower, such as -3.3 or -3.8, should begin therapy to reduce their risk of fracture.
Along with a healthy diet, it is important to take supplements. Your healthcare provider will give you adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D. There is also a certain limit to how much calcium should be taken in a day. If taken in large amount, it increases the risk of kidney stones, calcium buildup in blood vessels and constipation. It is difficult to calculate the amount of calcium you are receiving through food, which is why supplements are a must.
Similarly, there are different ideas about the necessary levels of vitamin D, but it is true that many people do not have adequate levels and might need to take supplements.
The most important factor in the treatment and management of osteoporosis is the patient’s adherence to treatment. People can respond differently to treatment with the same medicine. To be effective, an osteoporosis medicine must be taken as prescribed.