In an age where robots are the next big step into the future, robot-assisted surgeries are gradually on the rise. While the very thought of a robot operating on you can be slightly uncomfortable, this technique is medically proven to be of great use.
For patients suffering from end-stage renal disease, Robot-Assisted Kidney Transplant or ‘RAKT’ is the most preferred mode of treatment. It requires high-end facilities but is way more advanced than open surgeries.
What is the Method used in Robot-Assisted Kidney Transplant?
Unlike open surgery, the incision made in this process is minimal (approx 7cm). Robotic arms having human-like fingers and movements are used to remove the damaged organ and install the donor’s kidney into the abdominal cavity. Out of all the robotic arms, one holds a camera which gives a clear 3D view of the operation site. All these processes are controlled by a highly expert surgeon from the console of a computer. The surgeon uses his skills to control and manipulate the movements of the robot and make detailed incisions.
What are the Benefits of a Robotic Kidney Transplant?
Robotic transplant of the kidney has many advantages over the conventional surgical method.
• The robotic hands are able to make better and précised incisions compared to a human. This is especially useful when the operation site is narrow and requires a smooth dissection.
• For patients who have reached the final stage of renal disorders, traditional open surgery may not be very successful. In that case, RAKT is a better solution that increases the chances of survival.
• This technique is safer for obese patients for whom open surgery is not applicable.
• In the robotic transplant method, there is minimal blood loss and scarring.
• The recovery period is short.
• Possibilities of postoperative complications are reduced.
Risks of a Robot Assisted Transplant:
There are certain risks associated with this kind of machine-dependent process –
• The possibility of damage to nearby organs.
• Development of a hernia.
• Trapping of excess carbon dioxide in the abdomen.
• Nerve compression.
However, there are no fatal consequences of a robotic kidney transplant.
Things to Remember before Opting for a Robotic Kidney Transplant:
Before undergoing such a procedure you should carefully consider the following points –
• Choose a hospital with high-end robotic facilities and latest technology lab.
• Since a highly expert surgeon is required for this operation, make sure to check the success rate of the surgeries performed by him.
The trend of getting robotic kidney transplant has become prevalent in India with successful operations taking place in Delhi, Gujarat and Maharashtra.