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Prostatitis - What Can Cause It?

Reviewed by
Dr. Anish Kumar Gupta 92% (10 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi  •  14 years experience
Prostatitis - What Can Cause It?

Prostatitis is a very common infection of the prostate. However, it is worth to note that prostatitis can also be an inflammation of the prostate without infection. Only 5 to 10 percent of prostatitis is caused by bacterial infection. Prostrate cancer does not normally have its chances increased by prostatitis. There are several forms of prostatitis, including acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis and chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (which is also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome ). The exact cause for prostatitis is not known, but here are some factors which increase its risk, particularly acute bacterial prostatitis.

Possible causes:

1. Medical instrumentation

Putting an instrument like a urinary catheter may well cause prostatitis.

2. Rectal intercourse

This is basically another name for anal sex.

3. Abnormal urinary tract

The urinary tract comprises of the bladders, kidneys, ureters and urethra. If any one of these organs gets infected, then prostatitis is much more likely.

4. Bladder infection

A bladder infection may well spread to the prostate.


Prostatitis has a variety of symptoms. Here are the most common symptoms of prostatitis.

1. Constant need of urination

This is one of the most common symptoms of prostatitis.

2. Difficulty when urinating

Just like the constant need of urination, difficulty urinating is also a sign that you may have prostatitis.

3. Pain while urinating

This is because the prostate gland is a part of your urinary tract and if it does not work properly, there will be pain.

4. Chills and fever

This is a rarer symptom, but may indicate prostatitis if it is coupled with the other symptoms.

5. Pain in perineal area and genital organs

If you are experiencing pain in genital organs, than it may indicate prostatitis. 

6. Painful ejaculations or relief of perineal pain after ejaculations

If you are having painful ejaculation or the pain arises after ejaculation, then it may be due to prostatitis.

7. Hematospermia

Pinkish or brownish semen

If these symptoms are persistent or bothersome, then a proper consultation is required. Evaluation includes physical examination along with few simple tests. This can be followed by proper treatment for cure or relief  of symptoms.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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