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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Pooja Choudhary 92% (371 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi  •  19 years experience
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Hi,

I am Dr. Pooja Choudhary, Gynaecologist. Today I will talk about PCOD. Ye aaj ki date mein most common problem hai. PCOD mein hormonal imbalance ho jaata hai and male hormones badh jaate hain. Jiski vajaha se ovaries mein cyst ho jaate hain. This may lead to menstrual dysfunction, fertility problem, change in appearance and later on heart pe bhi effect aata hai. Causes are not well known but most common are genetics and lifestyle. It is also related to the lifestyle. Aap ka food intake kya hai, regular exercises kar rahein hain aap ya nahi. Jadatar patients mein dekha gaya hai ki patients ko periods nahi aate hain ya fir irregular ho jaate hain. Kabhi kabhi patient mein periods rukte bhi nahi hai. Ismein fertility isue bhi ho jaata hai kyuki eggs toh bahut sare hote hain but quality achi nahi hoti hai.

Agar patient mein pregnancy tehar bhi jaati hai toh complications bhi badh jaate hain. Abortion ho sakta hai, preterm labor ke chances ho sakte hain. It may also cause the change in your appearance. The patient may become overweight. Acne and pimples ka breakout kisi kisi mein bahut jayada ho jaata hai. Unwanted hair aa jate hain like facial hair. Kuch patients hairfall ki complaint bhi karte hain. Other related complications are diabetes and rise in bad cholesterol. Ye aap ka blood pressure badha sakta hai and later on it may lead to heart disease also. Kisi kisi patient mein uterine cancer ka risk bhi badh jaata hai. Diagnosis mein patient ka appearance humare lia bahut important hai. Patient ka history bahut important hai.

Patient ka hum ultrasound along with some tests karate hain which helps in diagnosing the PCOS. It is a lifelong syndrome. Symptoms hum sirf control kar sakte hain kyuki iska koi cure nahi hai. So, the most important part of the treatment is balanced diet and regular exercise. Agar aap junk food nahi kha rahein hai toh ye PCOD ke patients ko bahut help karta hai. Jo patients concieve nahi kar paate hain sare precautions lene ke baad bhi, unmein hum eggs stimulate karne ke lia medicines de sakte hain so that they can conceive and sugar ke lia hum systematic treatment dete hain so that patient can lead a healthy life. Agar aap ko inmein se koi bhi preshani hoti hai toh aap mujhse contact kar sakte hain.

 

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