An intense fear for anything is called as phobia. Fear and phobia are different to explain in simple terms person feeling anxious and nervous while doing something is fear and failure to attempt to do the work and staying back is phobia. In phobia they have intense fear that make the person to always keep away from exposing to the situation.
The most common symptoms of phobia are:
Trembling or shivering and shaking of body.
Rapid breathing or sometimes difficulty in breathing
Increased heart rate and chest tightness.
Hot or cold flushes
Psychological or emotional effects include:
Anxiety and fear
Detachment from self and environment
Looking for ways to escape from facing the situation
Going crazy or sometimes even loss of control
Overacting to avoid facing the situation.
Consider for treatment and self-help of phobia if you have most of the above symptoms in an extreme state. Intense fear, anxiety, interference or avoidance of normal routine and phobia for at least more than 6 months needed to be treated with utmost care.
Treatment and Self-help:
Identify your fear level and intensity really helps you to work for the ways to relieve from phobia. Identify the symptoms you experience during fearful situation and work on it to overcome the symptoms.
Learn and practice deep breathing relaxation technique and practice to do few simple deep breathing relaxation exercises.
Face the negative thoughts with courage. In phobia, you may overestimate the fearful situation and underestimate your potential to overcome it. Challenge your negative thoughts is the good way of self help.
Make yourself prepared and expose yourself to the fearful situation.
Frame your frame ladder and try to climb each ladder with utmost care and confidence.