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Diabetes - Importance Of Diet And Exercise In It

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Brij Mohan Makkar 86% (10 ratings)
MD - Medicine, MBBS, FICP, FRCP (Glasgow), FACE
Endocrinologist, Delhi  •  38 years experience
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Hello,

I am Doctor Brij Makkar. I am diabetes specialist practicing in West Delhi. Aaj main aapko diabetes mein exercise aur diet ke bare mein kuch bataunga. Diabetes mein lifestyle modification bohot hi important hai, lifestyle modification jab bhi ham kahate hain, jab bhi ham dono cheezon ko include karte hain jo aapki diet yani ki aapke khane ka jo system hai aur jo regular exercise ya physical activity karte hain dono hi lifestyle ke part hote hain or important hote hain diabetes ke management ke liye.

To jo bhi patient ko diabetes hai unke liye bohot jaruri hota hai ki wo ek regular exercise schedule rakhein, ek regular physically active lifestyle rakhein kyunki jitni aapki physical activities jyada hoti hai utna hi aapka sugar ka control better rehta hai utna hi aapki complications ka risk kam rahata hai.

Jo average diabetes patient hai unko 45 to 60 minutes daily physical activity karni chahiye. Jo physical activity generally recommended rehti hai woh brisk walking ya cycling, swimming, aerobics; aap kuch bhi kar sakte hain, kuch log puchte hain ki ham gym jaa sakte hain ya nahin jaa sakte? Gym jaane mein koi burai nahin hai agar aap monitored exercise kar rahe hai or bohot aggressive nahin kar rahe hain. Dusri cheez exercise se pehle aap apna sugar check karein taaki aapko yeh idea hona chahiye bohot aggressive exercise ke bad aapki sugar low nahin ho jaaye.

On an average har diabetes patient ko agar wo walk karte hain to 8-10,000 steps daily basis pe karne chahiye aur iske liye aap bohot commonly available aajkal apps hai phone mein ya aajkal digital monitors hai jaise wristbands hai jinme aap physical activity record kar sakte hain wo use kar sakte hain. Jitni bhi aap physical activity karte hain usse aapki body mein insulin resistance kam hota hai, usse aapka blood pressure improve karta hai agar aap regular exercise karte hain to aap blood pressure 5-10 mm niche jata hai, aapka sugar level on an average 20 se 30 mg/dl niche aa jata hai, aapki heart ki functioning better ho jaati hai, aap ki saans lene ki jo capacity hai woh better rehti hai , aapka muscle mass jyada rahata hai, aapki bones jyada strong hoti hai to kul milakar exercise se aapko bohot fayde hote hain.

Isi tarike se diet bohot important hai agar aapka diet ka system irregular hai to sugar par control karna practically possible nahin hota kyunki jo bhi ham davaiyan de rahe hain unka ek time-action profile hota hai. Jaise koi goli ham aapko subeh breakfast se pehle dete hain to uska action manniye aade se pone ghante mein shuru hota hai, 3 ghante mein peak par jata hai aur ho sakta hai 8 ghante mein khatm ho jata hai ya kuch goliyan hain jinka action pone ghante mein shuru hota hai peak pe 6 se 8 ghante par jata hai aur 20 ghante tak khatam ho jata hai to hum khane ka timing jo hai is hisab se karte hai ki jab aap khana khaye goli agar aapne aadha ghanta pahle li hai to jaise sugar badhna shuru hoga use time goli ka asar aana hoga ya insulin ka asar use time pe aana shuru hoga. Uske bad jab dawai ka action peak par hai to use time aapka 2nd meal lete hain aap aur jab tak uska effect khatm ho raha hota hai to aap teesra meal lete hain to usse pehle dusri dose lete hain ya jo pehle subeh ki apne dawai li hai uska action teesri meal ko bhi aapke cover karta hai.

Khane ka time par khaya jana bohot jaruri hai normally aap dietitian ki help se ek proper diet plan use karen, khana time par khaya, khana pura khaye aur khana miss nahin karen. Log commonly khana apna miss kar dete hain yeh dekh kar ki meri sugar badi hui hai to khana miss kar dete hain aisa nahin karna hai. Ek healthy diet le, ek healthy lifestyle manage karen, khane mein fried aur meetha bilkul avoid karein, khana time par khayen aur swasth rahein.

Thank you

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