Gums may bleed occasionally due to reasons like vigorous teeth brushing sessions. Yet, bleeding gums could also point to more serious gum disease and other issues. Gums can also bleed if your dentures do not fit your properly, or due to conditions like periodontitis, gingivitis, vitamin deficiency, leukemia, and a lack of clotting cells or platelets.
HOW IS BLEEDING GUMS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of bleeding gums is based on the symptoms. Dentists will do a thorough physical examination for evaluating the health of gums and teeth. He may also ask questions about your oral care habits and diet. Other diagnostic tests are complete blood count or blood differential and X-rays of teeth and jawbone.
HOW IS BLEEDING GUMS TREATED?
• Have a periodic dental check-up to remove plaque regularly.
• Gently brush teeth with a soft-bristled tooth brush twice a day, as dental hygiene is important.
• Avoid tobacco and other related products, which can aggravate bleeding gums.
• Apply pressure directly on the gums with a gauze pad soaked in ice water to avoid gum bleeding.
• In case of vitamin deficiency, use vitamin supplements as prescribed by the doctor.
DID YOU KNOW?
Excessive plaque formation leads to gingivitis, which is characterized by swollen or bleeding gums.