Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia). There are 3 types of diabetes namely, type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. The symptoms are: 1. Frequent Urination 2. Disproportionate thirst 3. Intense hunger 4. Weight gain 5. Unusual weight loss 6. Increased fatigue 7. Irritability 8. Blurred vision 9. Cuts and bruises don't heal properly and quickly 10. More skin and yeast infections 11. Gums are red - gums pull away from tooth 12. Frequent gum infection 13. Sexual dysfunction in men 14. Numbness or tingling especially in feet or hands
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
A specialist from the endocrinology department will be able to carry out proper diagnosis of the condition. The AC1 test, the FPG or fasting test and the OGTT test or oral glucose tolerance test are usually carried out in order to effectively diagnose the condition and to find out the type of diabetes that the patient may be suffering from.
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
There is no cure for diabetes. Medications and insulin is given to keep the blood sugar levels under normal range. Diet and exercise are very helpful in keeping type 2 diabetes under check. Homeopathy is also effective in keeping diabetes under control.
DID YOU KNOW?
Diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older people who are also overweight or obese. The disease, once rare in youth, is becoming more common in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Scientists think genetic susceptibility and environmental factors are the most likely triggers of diabetes.
Diabetes is one of the most chronic disease in the world. From all walks of life, young or old – for people living the disease, diabetes is always at the vanguard of their minds. It is often referred as diabetes mellitus, in which there is high glucose (blood sugar levels) over a drawn out period. Patients with high blood sugar level will typically face frequent urination (polyuria), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is caused due to the fact that either the pancreas are not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body are not reacting to the insulin produced. Sometimes your body doesn't make much insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should work. The Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood sugar levels get high and cause diabetes or prediabetes.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.
Signs & Symptoms of diabetes:
• Being very thirsty
• Urinating often
• Feeling very hungry
• Weight loss
• Sores that heal slowly
• Itchy & dry skin
• Feelings of pins or needles in feet
• Blurry eyesight
To prevent Diabetes Mellitus (DM), changes in the dietary routine are highly recommended. It includes the maintenance of a diet rich whole fiber and grains and the polyunsaturated fats found in nuts, vegetable oils, and fish. Reducing sugary refreshments and eating less red meat and different sources of immersing fat can likewise anticipate diabetes. Active smoking is additionally connected with an expanded danger of diabetes mellitus. Therefore, reduction in smoking is advised.
Being a chronic disease, except in very particular situations, there is no known cure for diabetes. Management of diabetes focusing on keeping normal blood sugar levels without bringing on the lower sugar blood level. This can more than not be achieved with a sound eating routine, exercise, weight reduction & utilization of proper drugs.
It’s a disease with a course that can be predicted and given due medical attention to and even treated if you listen to your doctor. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners in Ludhiana, Mohali, Nagpur, Nashik, Navi Mumbai. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about diabetes and its associated conditions.