Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure that remains above goal in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes. Ideally, one of the 3 agents should be a diuretic and all agents should be prescribed at optimal dose amounts.
HOW IS RESISTANT HYPERTENSION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of resistant hypertension is based on symptoms and evaluation of medical and family history. The general physician may measure your blood pressure using an inflatable cuff. A blood test is ordered to measure the sodium, potassium, cholesterol, blood glucose and creatinine levels. Urinalysis and ultrasound of kidneys is performed to rule out damage to kidneys. An electrocardiogram may be taken if doctor suspects that resistant hypertension is related to heart problems
HOW IS RESISTANT HYPERTENSION TREATED?
Treatment would depend on the cause of high pressure levels. Medications such as diet pills and stimulants should be avoided as they boost pressure. Eating less processed food, reducing the intake of salt and alcohol and exercising more could help in controlling pressure levels.
DID YOU KNOW?
It is not a very chronic problem but in the long run, such people are more susceptible to heart attacks.