Orthopedics is a specialty of medical science which involves in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, complications and injuries in the musculoskeletal system or the skeleton and muscles in the body. Joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves are also a part of this discipline. Orthopedic physicians or orthopedists are therefore, specialists in the field of orthopedics who provide non-surgical and surgical treatment for orthopedic problems. The term orthopedics has its origin in a couple of Greek words, ‘ortho’ meaning straight and ‘paedia’ implying children. These specialists devise effective remedies to injuries, fractures, diseases and pain. Some chronic disorders tackled by orthopedists are found since birth, such as club foot or muscular dystrophy. The body gets plagued by a vast number of musculoskeletal disorders which require treatment from an orthopedist. Arthritis, bursitis elbow condition, foot pain and problem, fractures, Paget’s disease of bone, scoliosis, shoulder pain etc. are some of the disorders that require an orthopedist’s attention. MRI scans are used by an orthopedist for identifying an injury and devising the best form of treatment. Functional mobility balance, soft tissue mobilization, body mechanics, casting, splinting, management instruction in safe ambulation etc. are other fields where orthopedists are active. Non surgical treatment methods employed by an orthopedist include therapies, joint injections, NSAIDs and other pain killers, nerve root blocks etc. Lybrate will guide you in finding the most reputed orthopedists in your , who will diagnose and treat your problems in the most effective way. Strict screening methods and adherence to guidelines ensure that we select the best specialists. Therefore, subscribe to Lybrate and get the assistance of the most qualified specialists in your , . Listed above are some of the leading orthopedists in your , .
An orthopedist diagnoses, prevents and treats abnormalities in the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT ORTHOPEDIST?
One should see an orthopedist if one is suffering from moderate or acute arthritis of the knee or hip.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ORTHOPEDIST?
An orthopedist diagnoses and treats patients using both medical and surgical techniques.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE ORTHOPEDIST FOR
An orthopedist can treat problems of the knee, which include cartilage injuries, dislocated kneecaps, ligament tears or sprains and knee pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Each year there are about 500,000 spinal fractures, 300,000 hip fractures, 200,000 broken wrists and 300,000 fractures of other bones.
Plantars Fasciitis: How To Deal With It
Plantar fasciitis is an orthopedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for the motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel. Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain. Rest: taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area. Supportive footwear: using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific footwear that help in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with plantar fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for your feet. They also give your heel and its arch good support, while orthotics pulls the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and the ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep. Exercise: indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretching and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area. Painkillers: use pain killers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or orthopaedic specialist. The use of ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief. Anti-inflammatory drugs: your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain. Surgery: heel spur removal or plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases. Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor.