Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a condition that causes episodes of extreme muscle weakness typically beginning in childhood or adolescence. Most often, these episodes involve a temporary inability to move muscles in the arms and legs. Attacks cause severe weakness or paralysis that usually lasts from hours to days. Some people may have episodes almost every day, while others experience them weekly, monthly, or only rarely. People with hypokalemic periodic paralysis have reduced levels of potassium in their blood (hypokalemia) during episodes of muscle weakness.
HOW IS PERIODIC PARALYSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a general physician who would check your muscle coordination and also do an Electromyography (EMG).
HOW IS PERIODIC PARALYSIS TREATED?
The goal of treatment is to prevent future attacks and relieve symptoms. Administering potassium during an attack helps in reducing the duration. Avoidance of alcohol and consuming a low carbohydrate diet helps in preventing Periodic Paralysis
DID YOU KNOW?
Health problems that may be due to this condition include:
• Kidney stones (a side effect of acetazolamide)
• Irregular heartbeat during attacks
• Difficulty breathing, speaking, or swallowing during attacks (rare)
• Muscle weakness that worsens over time