Malrotation or intestinal Malrotation is a medical condition in which there is a blockage of the digestive tract resulting in impaired passage of food. Some malrotations are present at birth, while some others are developed due to hernias, abnormal scar tissue or inflammatory bowel disease. Malrotation is nothing but the twisting of the intestines. Symptoms are:
• Abdominal cramps
• Distended abdomen
• Blood and mucus in stools
• Recurrent abdominal pain
HOW IS MALROTATION DIAGNOSED?
A physical examination along with a x-ray and CT scan would help a doctor diagnose this disorder. A barium enema x-ray which helps to show the intestines more clearly could also be advised.
HOW IS MALROTATION TREATED?
Treatment is possible and these are the steps taken: Resuscitate the patient with fluids to stabilize them before surgically
• correcting the malrotation (counterclockwise rotation of the bowel)
• cutting the fibrous bands over the duodenum.
• widening the mesenteric pedicle by separation of the duodenum and cecum
One surgical technique is known as ""Ladd's procedure"" which shows that even after the procedure, patients are susceptible to have complaints and might need further surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Malrotation occurs in one out of every 500 births in the United States. Among those children who have malrotation and develop symptoms, most symptoms will occur in the first year of life. Nearly 60 percent of cases are diagnosed during the first week of life. Malrotation occurs equally in boys and girls. However, more boys show symptoms within the first month of life than girls.