In dentistry calculus or tartar is a form of hardened dental plaque. It is caused by precipitation of minerals from saliva and gingival crevicular fluid in plaque on the teeth. Calculus can form both along the gumline and within the narrow sulcus that exists between the teeth and the gingiva. The clinical manifestations are bad breath, receding gums, chronically inflamed gingiva.
HOW IS CALCULUS DIAGNOSED?
A dentists diagnoses dental calculus by examining the teeth and checking the clinical manifestations
HOW IS CALCULUS TREATED?
While the general surgeon may prescribe medication like allopurinol for uric acid stones, diuretics and phosphorous solutions as well as sodium citrate can also help in treatment. Lithotripsy and tunnel surgery are other methods of treatment. Also, a ureteroscopy may be conducted to remove stones that are stuck along the tract.
DID YOU KNOW?
The earliest surgery that was performed to remove stones was performed in the 6th Century BC as per Sushruta Samhita