Anaphylaxis is a severe life threatening allergic reaction. The reaction can occur within minutes or seconds of exposure to the allergen. It causes itchy rash, throat or tongue swelling, shortness of breath, vomiting, light-headedness and low blood pressure. It affects more than one part of the body. It requires immediate medical attention or else it could lead to death.
HOW IS ANAPHYLAXIS DIAGNOSED?
Anaphylaxis is diagnosed on the basis of a person's signs and symptoms. In most cases, blood tests might be useful in diagnosing anaphylaxis due to insect stings or medications. Additionally, allergy tests can help determine the triggers of a patient’s allergic reaction. In cases of death, an autopsy can do the same.
HOW IS ANAPHYLAXIS TREATED?
The administration of epinephrine can be done with the help of an injection for immediate treatment of the allergic attack. CPR and other measures may be required for emergency purposes. Antihistamines and steroids may be given for recovery and management thereafter.
DID YOU KNOW?
The term Anaphylaxis was coined by Charles Richet during the 1900s.