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Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine

Medicine composition: Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required
Last Updated: August 03, 2021

Moderna is an American-based company and it works in collaboration with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development and Federal Government of the United States. It is an mRNA vaccine that has been approved by the WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts(SAGE).

Some of the benefits that vaccination of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine provide -

  • It is safe and has been approved on the basis of clinical trials.
  • It is effective against the infection of Covid-19.
  • It helps in developing immunity.
  • Complete doses of vaccines enable a person to live a normal life full of activities without any fear of infection.
  • It is the safest way to get immunized against the disease.
  • It reduces transmission risk of the Covid-19 viruses.

It is an Nucleoside-modified mRNA with a coating of lipid nanoparticles inserted into the human cells, followed by the reprogramming of the cells to develop immune responses.

As per the recommendation of SAGE, the vaccine should be scheduled for two doses, each of 0.5 ml with a time interval of 28 to 42 days in between.

The effectiveness of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is 92% as proven after 14 days starting from the day of the first dose. An efficacy of 94.1% is observed in the people of age group 18 years and above, who have taken the two scheduled doses for the vaccines and also have not been infected with the covid viruses yet.

There may be some possible side effects related to the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine that may occur within a couple of days after getting vaccinated and disappear on their own after some days.

Side effects are associated with both the doses of the vaccine, the second dose side effects being more serious. Those side effects include difficulty in breathing, face and throat swelling, dizziness, weakness, and tachycardia. Severe allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis may occur though the chances are rare.

Information given here is based on the salt content of the medicine. Uses and effects of the medicine may vary from person to person. It is advisable to consult a General Physician before using this medicine.

This drug can be used in below-mentioned conditions

  • COVID-19

  • Hypersensitivity

This drug can cause below-mentioned side effects

  • Are there any pregnancy warnings?

    This vaccine is found to be safe to be used in pregnant women. Clinical studies are still under process and there could be any unforeseen effect on the fetus which is yet to be identified.

  • Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

    This vaccine is still under clinical trial and for now it is found to be safe in nursing women.

  • Is It safe with alcohol?

    It is advised to avoid alcohol consumption for a brief period of time before getting vaccinated, as it might affect people’s immune responses to the jab.

  • Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?

    This vaccine is not found to affect people's consciousness. If you feel dizzy, then you must avoid driving.

  • Does this affect kidney function?

    Vaccine is safe to be administered to the patient with kidney disease of any severity.

  • LD

    This vaccine has been demonstrated to cause or worsen chronic liver diseases.

  • India

  • United States

  • Japan

Below is the list of medicines, which contains Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine as ingredient

Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine contains mRNA. After administration it provides the blueprint to build the body's defense for your cells against the virus. This helps the body to generate an antibody response, and to retain the information in the memory cells of the immune system, along with the goal of attacking the virus if the vaccinated person is exposed to the virus.

Ques: What is the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: It is an mRNA vaccine that is made with Nucleoside-modified mRNA with a coating of lipid nanoparticles. This will then get inserted into the human cells, followed by the reprogramming of the cells to develop immune responses.

Ques: What are the uses of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: Moderna is used to immunize individuals against the covid-19 virus.

Ques: How long do I need to use Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine before I see improvement in my condition?

Ans: The two jab vaccine needs to be administered with a time gap of 28 to 42 days to develop sufficient antibodies against coronavirus.

Ques: At what frequency do I need to use Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: As per the recommendation of SAGE, the vaccine should be scheduled for two doses, each of 0.5 ml with a time interval of 28 to 42 days in between.

Ques: Should I use Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine empty stomach, before food or after food?

Ans: One can get vaccinated at any time, that is it is not compulsory that one should have a full/empty stomach before getting the shot.

Ques: What are the instructions for the storage and disposal of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: Moderna vials can be stored in the refrigerator between 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F), away from light and dry ice for up to 30 days. If the vital is opened, it should be stored between 2°F and 25°C (36°F and 77°F) for up to 12 hours. Once the vaccine is injected into the receiver, the injection needs to be disposed of and not be used again.

Ques: Who should be vaccinated first with Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: Groups that are considered to have the vaccine at priority bases are -
  • Healthcare workers pose a high-risk rate of getting exposed to the virus.
  • People belong to the high-risk group due to any underlying disease like chronic lung disease, significant cardiac disease, severe obesity, diabetes, liver disease, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Patients who have already been infected from covid-19.
  • Lactating women.

Ques: Should pregnant women be vaccinated with Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: Professionals are still not sure about the administration of vaccines. So it is advisable to consult your doctor.

Ques: Who should avoid taking the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: Patients who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the excipients present in the vaccine or any other mRNA vaccine should not go for vaccination. Also, studies are still looking for results on the population under 18 years of age, until further notice it is not advisable for the population under 18 years of age to take the vaccine.

Ques: When should I expect any adverse reactions to the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: As per the SAGE recommends, all the vaccines be observed for at least 15 minutes after vaccination for any allergic reaction post first dose.

Ques: How effective is Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine against the virus?

Ans: The efficacy rate shown by the Moderna vaccine against coronavirus is recorded approximately 94.1per cent, which can be seen 14 days after the first dose.

Ques: Does Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine work against new variants?

Ans: As per the data collected so far, new variants of SARS-CoV-2 including the B.1.1.7 and the 501Y.V2, do not show any degradation in the effectiveness of the Moderna mRNA vaccine.

Ques: Does Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine prevent transmission and infection?

Ans: No approved data are available related to the impact of the Moderna mRNA vaccine on viral shedding or transmission.

Ques: Can you consume alcohol/ smoke after getting vaccinated with Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: There is no recommendation regarding avoidance of alcohol/ smoking following vaccination.

Ques: Do I require any test pre or post vaccination with Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: No. The receiver does not need tests like CRP, BTCT, RTPCR, etc.

Ques: Can one take the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine between the course of Birth control?

Ans: Even though current studies show no side effects of vaccines while taking the course of hormonal birth control pills, it is advisable to consult your healthcare professional before getting vaccinated.

Ques: Is there any difference between the 1st and 2nd dose of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine?

Ans: There is no difference between the first and second doses of the vaccine. Both of the doses are made with the same content of viral particles.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

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Content Details
Written By
PhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
Pharmacology
Reviewed By
MBBS, Master in Healthcare Administration, Diploma in Occupational Health
General Physician
Table of Content
About Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
What are the uses of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
What are the contraindications of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine ?
What are the side effects of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine ?
Key highlights of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
Where is the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine approved?
Medicines containing Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
How does this medication work?
FAQs about Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine