Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in treating patients with improper positioning of teeth when the mouth is closed (malocclusion), which results in an improper bite. Orthodontics treatment also includes treating and controlling various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) and the shape and development of the jaw. An orthodontics specialist is called an orthodontist. Orthodontics also includes cosmetic dentistry, when the patient's aim is to improve his/her appearance. An orthodontist uses a range of medical dental devices, including headgears, plates, braces, etc. to help in closing wide gaps between the teeth, making sure the tips of the teeth are aligned. He also helps straighten crooked teeth, to improve speech or eating (oral function), to improve the long-term health of gums and teeth, to prevent long-term excessive wear or trauma (of the teeth), treating an improper bite, etc. The ideal age to have orthodontic treatment is around 12 or 13, while you're still growing. The opportunity for improvement in anOrthodontics Treatment for Adults is more limited and surgery is more likely to be needed. Orthodontic treatment takes time. The amount of time depends on your age, the seriousness of your problem and the treatment technique used. Treatment generally involves a visit to your dentist or orthodontist on a regular basis over a period of months to years. In general, it takes longer to treat adults than children or teenagers. Most people wear braces for about 2 years.
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