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Endocrine Disorders: Common Types and Their Treatments

DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Udaipur
Endocrine Disorders: Common Types and Their Treatments

What is endocrine disorders?

Endocrine disorders are medical conditions that affect the body's endocrine system.

Many symptoms, including exhaustion, weight gain, and changes in mood or appetite, might be brought on by them.

Endocrine disorders may be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, environmental exposure, and other medical conditions.

Types of endocrine disorder:

Diabetes mellitus: it is a chronic disorder that causes the body to be less able to make or react to insulin, which raises blood sugar levels.

Hypothyroidism: this disorder causes slower biological activities because the thyroid gland does not generate enough of several hormones.

Hyperthyroidism: a disorder when the thyroid gland overproduces certain hormones, causing the body to operate quickly.

Cushing's syndrome: a disorder that can result in weight gain and other symptoms due to excessive amounts of the hormone cortisol, which is generated by the adrenal glands.

Addison's disease: it is an autoimmune condition that damages the adrenal glands and causes inadequate cortisol and other hormone synthesis.

Acromegaly: a disorder caused by excess growth hormone production, resulting in enlarged hands and feet, facial features, and other physical changes.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos): a hormone disorder that affects female reproductive health, leading to irregular menstrual cycles and infertility issues

What are the signs and symptoms of endocrine disorders?

Diabetes: the signs and symptoms of this condition include an increase in thirst, frequent urination, exhaustion, loss of weight, blurry vision, and a slowing of wound healing.

Hypothyroidism: it is characterised by a variety of symptoms, such as an increase in body weight, constipation, weariness, dry skin and hair, and depression.

Hyperthyroidism: symptoms include sudden weight loss, nervousness or irritability, rapid heartbeat, sweating profusely and bulging eyes (exophthalmos).

Cushing s syndrome: this disorder is caused by an overproduction of cortisol from the adrenal glands which can lead to a variety of signs or symptoms such as weight gain in the face and trunk area as well as thinning arms and legs; thinning skin; pink or purple stretch marks on abdomen; high blood pressure; muscle weakness; fatigue; and increased risk for infections due to impaired immune system function.

Addison s disease: this endocrine disorder occurs when the adrenal glands don't produce enough hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone leading to symptoms like fatigue, muscle weakness, loss of appetite, nausea/vomiting, low blood pressure (hypotension), darkening of skin in certain areas (hyperpigmentation), salt cravings along with depression and anxiety.

What are possible complications of endocrine disorders?

Diabetes can lead to a variety of complications, such as heart disease and stroke, kidney damage, vision loss, nerve damage, and amputation.

Hypothyroidism can cause a variety of physical and mental symptoms, such as fatigue, depression, dry skin and hair loss. It can also lead to an increased risk of heart disease and high cholesterol.

Hyperthyroidism can cause a wide range of symptoms including weight loss, increased appetite, increased sweating, palpitations (a feeling like your heart is racing), difficulty sleeping and irritability. It can also lead to an increased risk of osteoporosis.

Cushing's syndrome symptoms include weight gain in the face and upper body region, thinning skin, stretch marks on the skin, acne and other skin problems, excessive facial hair growth in women and weakened muscles or bones.

Addison's disease is caused by an underproduction of hormones from the adrenal gland leading to fatigue, low blood pressure (hypotension), salt craving and darkening patches on the skin (hyperpigmentation).

Other endocrine disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) or adrenal insufficiency can also lead to various complications including infertility or an increased risk for diabetes or cardiovascular disease.

Benefits of natural treatments

Non-invasive, safe and low-risk: natural treatments are generally non-invasive, safe and low-risk. This can lead to greater acceptance by patients as well as lower healthcare costs.

Empowerment: natural treatments can help patients feel more in control of their health by taking an active role in their own healing process.

Improved quality of life: natural treatments are known to improve overall quality of life, reduce fatigue and stress levels, and improve mood and energy levels.

Holistic ways to manage symptoms

Eat a nutrient-dense diet: focus on fresh, whole, and unprocessed foods.

Exercise regularly: aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise per day.

Reduce stress: practice relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing.

Get adequate sleep: aim for 7-8 hours per night.

Supplement carefully: nutritional supplements may help to manage endocrine disease symptoms when used correctly.

Avoid toxins: limit your exposure to environmental pollutants and toxic chemicals in processed foods and personal care products.

Diet and exercise changes for treating endocrine diseases

For endocrine diseases, diet and exercise changes may include reducing the amount of processed foods consumed, increasing intake of fruits and vegetables, reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, exercising regularly, and monitoring blood sugar levels.

Mindfulness practices for endocrine disease

Deep breathing: the practice of taking long, calm breaths while concentrating on the breath might be beneficial for lowering stress and restoring hormone balance.

Body scanning: scanning your body and noticing any sensations or emotions can help to bring awareness to areas of tension that may be contributing to endocrine disease.

Guided imagery: guided imagery can help create a relaxed state, reduce stress levels, and promote healing.

Meditation: meditation can help to reduce stress and balance hormones that are out of balance due to endocrine disease.

Gratitude practice: practising gratitude can help shift focus away from worries and negative thoughts, allowing for a more positive outlook on life which can in turn help improve endocrine health.

Home remedies and tips for endocrine disorders

Ashwagandha (withania somnifera): ashwagandha is an ayurvedic herb used for centuries to help balance hormones, reduce inflammation and stress, improve circulation, and support a healthy immune system.

Fenugreek (trigonella foenum-graecum): fenugreek is an ayurvedic herb that helps to regulate the endocrine system and its hormones. It has been shown to help lower cortisol levels, regulate blood sugar levels and promote a healthy metabolism.

Shatavari (asparagus racemosus): shatavari has been traditionally used in ayurveda to balance hormones, boost fertility and increase libido. It can also help reduce anxiety and stress levels that can affect hormone balance.

Guggul (commiphora mukul): guggul is a resin derived from the mukul tree that has been used in ayurveda for centuries to treat endocrine disorders such as diabetes, thyroid problems, low libido and obesity.

Brahmi (bacopa monnieri): brahmi is an ayurvedic herb that helps to reduce stress and anxiety which can lead to better hormonal balance in the body.

Amalaki (emblica officinalis): amalaki is an ancient ayurvedic herb used to boost energy levels and balance hormones naturally by stimulating the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain responsible for releasing important hormones in the body like serotonin, dopamine and melatonin which are linked to overall well being.

Licorice root (glycyrrhiza glabra): licorice root is an adaptogenic herb with many health benefits including balancing hormones naturally by increasing progesterone levels while decreasing cortisol production in the body which can be beneficial for those with endocrine disorders like pcos or infertility.

Bitter melon (momordica charantia): bitter melon has long been used in traditional medicine as a natural remedy for diabetes due to its ability to lower blood sugar levels while also helping with other endocrine disorders like hypothyroidism due to its high content of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients.

Shilajit (asphaltum punjabinum): shilajit is a mineral-rich resin found in mountain ranges across india that has been used for centuries as an ayurvedic tonic for treating endocrine disorders like diabetes due its high content of trace minerals including calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc as well as plant based compounds like fulvic acid which help regulate hormones naturally.

What are the surgical treatments for endocrine disorders?

Endoscopic thyroidectomy: the thyroid gland may be completely or partially removed with this operation, which involves just a little amount of incision work. The procedure is used to treat various thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism, nodules, goitres, and cancer of the thyroid gland.

Adrenalectomy: during this procedure, the adrenal glands, which are important for manufacturing hormones that govern metabolism and other physiological processes, may have all or a portion of their tissue removed. It is used to treat conditions such as cushing's syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (cah), aldosteronism, and pheochromocytoma.

Parathyroidectomy: this procedure involves removing one or more of the parathyroid glands located in the neck near the thyroid gland. It is used to treat conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, which can lead to high levels of calcium in the blood and increased risk for kidney stones and bone loss.

Pancreatectomy: this procedure involves removing some or all of the pancreas, an organ located behind the stomach that helps with digestion and produces hormones to regulate blood sugar levels. It can be used to treat pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, and other conditions affecting the pancreas.

Best doctors to consult for endocrine disorders?

Endocrinologists: endocrinologists specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine disorders, such as diabetes, thyroid disease, and reproductive disorders. They are able to provide comprehensive care for endocrine-related conditions, from diagnosis to treatment.

Primary care physicians: primary care physicians are general practitioners who can provide basic care for endocrine disorders. They may be able to diagnose and treat simple conditions or refer patients to an endocrinologist when needed.

Paediatricians: paediatricians specialising in the health and medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. They can diagnose and treat endocrine disorders that affect children and provide ongoing care for these conditions as they age.

Nurse practitioners: nurse practitioners (nps) are advanced practice nurses who can provide primary care services including diagnosis, treatment, and management of endocrine disorders in both adults and children.

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10 Natural Ways To Treat Thyroid!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, Certificate Course in Clinical Pharmacology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
10 Natural Ways To Treat Thyroid!

What is thyroid dysfunction?

Thyroid dysfunction, also known as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, is a medical condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones or produces more than the body needs.

Hypothyroidism is the most common type of thyroid dysfunction and occurs when there is too little production of thyroid hormones. Hyperthyroidism occurs when there is too much production of these hormones. ;

Thyroid dysfunction can be caused by both non-medical and medical factors, such as autoimmune disorders like hashimoto's disease or lifestyle choices such as nutrition and stress levels.

Symptoms of an imbalance in these hormones may include fatigue, weight gain or loss, feeling hot or cold all the time, depression and difficulty concentrating. When left untreated it can lead to more serious health issues such as infertility and heart problems. Treatment for thyroid dysfunction typically involves either medications to help regulate hormone production or lifestyle modifications depending on the cause.

What are the signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction?

The signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction can vary depending on whether the thyroid is producing too much or too little of its hormones.

When the thyroid produces too much a condition called hyperthyroidism signs and symptoms can include:

Weight loss


Rapid heart rate

Heat intolerance


Difficulty sleeping

Tremors in your hands and fingers

When the thyroid does not produce enough hormones a condition called hypothyroidism symptoms can include:



Weight gain

Cold intolerance

Dry skin or hair

Joint pain or stiffness

What are possible complications of thyroid dysfunction? ;

Thyroid dysfunction is a condition that occurs when the production of essential hormones produced by the thyroid gland is imbalanced. This can either lead to a decrease (hypothyroidism) or an increase (hyperthyroidism) in hormones released. The complications associated with thyroid dysfunction vary depending on the severity of the condition, but can include many physical and mental health issues.

Hypothyroidism, which is an underproduction of hormones, often leads to symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, and constipation. It can also cause other conditions such as heart disease and infertility. Elevated levels of ldl cholesterol are common in hypothyroidism patients due to an inability to metabolise cholesterol properly. Additionally, people suffering from hypothyroidism may experience cognitive difficulties due to lower levels of oxygen reaching the brain caused by slowed metabolism.

Hyperthyroidism is characterised by overproduction of hormones which leads to symptoms such as weight loss, increased appetite, tremors and irritability. Long-term effects can include eye problems like exophthalmos (eye bulging), osteoporosis caused by leaching calcium from bones, and congestive heart failure due impaired heart and lung function. Additionally hyperthyroidism can lead to psychological issues like anxiety disorder and depression which arise from emotional instability caused by fluctuating hormone levels inside the body.

In some cases untreated thyroid dysfunction may even lead to coma or death if left uncontrolled for long periods without medical intervention or lifestyle changes necessary for symptom management. Careful monitoring is essential for the effective management of this condition in order to minimise or avert potential complications associated with it.

10 natural ways to treat thyroid dysfunction

Eat foods rich in selenium: selenium is a mineral found in seafood, eggs, sunflower seeds, brazil nuts, and mushrooms that plays a crucial role in our health. Eating foods high in selenium can help the thyroid gland produce hormones more effectively.

Avoid caffeine: caffeine has been found to interfere with the absorption of thyroid hormones so reducing the amount of coffee, tea or caffeine-containing products you consume can help improve your symptoms.

Avoid processed foods: processed foods are often loaded with added sugars and unhealthy trans fats which can disrupt normal hormone levels and interfere with proper functioning of the thyroid gland.

Add iodine-rich foods to your diet: iodine is necessary for proper production of thyroid hormone so it s important to include adequate amounts of this mineral in your diet if you suffer from thyroid symptoms like hypothyroidism or goitre. Some good sources of iodine include seaweed, navy beans, yogurt, eggs and shrimp!

Reduce exposure to environmental toxins like bromides & perchlorates: bromides are common pesticide found on food crops and perchlorates are also added to food as a preservative thus these toxins both act disruptors for our endocrine system disrupting things like thyroid hormone synthesis! it s best to buy organic produce if possible and filter your drinking water if these two chemicals may be present!

Eat a balanced and healthy diet: ensure that your diet contains a wide array of fresh fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. Avoid processed or fried foods and excess sugar as these can easily disrupt your hormones.

Manage stress: take time to relax through yoga or meditation to reduce anxiety and stress levels associated with thyroid dysfunction.

Exercise regularly: regular exercise helps support the healthy functioning of the thyroid gland and hormones, so aim for at least 30 minutes per day of moderate intensity activity like walking or biking.

Use herbs and spices wisely: certain herbs such as ashwagandha have hormonal balancing effects on thyroid health while turmeric helps reduce inflammation associated with autoimmune conditions such as hypothyroidism

Drink vitamin-rich beverages: enjoy antioxidant-rich drinks to help improve overall health including green tea (great for metabolism) as well as lemon water which can assist with detoxification processes

Get adequate rest: sleep deprivation is one of the most overlooked culprits of poor health so ensure you re getting enough high-quality restful sleep each night (7-9 hours).

What are the surgical treatments for thyroid dysfunction?

Surgical treatments commonly used to treat thyroid dysfunctions include the following:

Total thyroidectomy: this type of surgery involves complete removal of a diseased or cancerous thyroid gland. It is usually an option for people with severe hyperthyroidism caused by graves disease or for those with large goitres which have grown too large to be regulated with medications.

Lobectomy: this type of surgery involves removing part of the affected gland, such as a lobe. It is generally used to remove tumours, cysts or other growths in one area.

Subtotal thyroidectomy: this type of surgery involves removing most if not all of the affected gland but leaving some remaining tissue behind in order to prevent hypothyroidism after the procedure.
The goal of post-surgery is typically to maintain normal hormone levels while avoiding complications related to hypothyroidism, such as fatigue and weight gain.

Best doctors to consult for thyroid dysfunction?

Endocrinologists are the best doctors to consult for thyroid dysfunction. They specialise in treating problems of the endocrine system, including disorders of the thyroid gland.

Primary care physicians are also a good option if you have thyroid dysfunction as they can diagnose and treat common thyroid problems like hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Other specialists, like nutritionists and psychiatrists, can help if you experience depression or other mental health issues associated with your thyroid disorder.

Depending on your individual case, it may also be beneficial to work with an integrative or complementary medicine practitioner to supplement traditional treatments for a more holistic approach to managing your condition

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Top 10 Doctors for Thyroid Problems Treatment

DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad

1. Dr. Dwarakanath c s ;

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/bangalore/doctor/dr-dwarakanath-c-s-endocrinologist

Mbbs, md endocrinologist, dm - endocrinology

39 years experience 300 - 700 at clinic


He is a highly regarded doctor who has successfully treated many patients with challenging conditions. He's a top-notch endocrinologist. In 1983, he received his mbbs from the university of mysore. In 1987, he received his md in endocrinology from the same institution. In 1996, he received his dm in endocrinology from the all india institute of medical sciences in new delhi.

2. Dr. Deepthi kondagari

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-deepthi-kondagari-endocrinologist

Md - general medicine, dnb (endocrinology) ;

8 years experience 600 - 800 at clinic


She is a highly esteemed endocrinologist who has assisted numerous individuals with complex issues. She has both a prestigious education and extensive clinical experience as a physician. She received her md in general medicine from kakatiya medical college in wrangal and her dnb in endocrinology from yashoda hospital.


She has served as consultant endocrinologist at lb nagar's aware glenegales global hospital. She is a veteran member of the endocrine society, the usa indian society for bone and mineral research (isbmer), and api.

3. Dr. Arun bajaj

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-arun-bajaj-endocrinologist

Diploma in diabetology, mbbs ;

43 years experience


He has made significant strides toward redefining excellence through her remarkable work as an endocrinologist over the course of many years of service. Additionally, he is a highly skilled diabetologist. He achieved scholastic success and obtained his mbbs degree from the government medical college in amritsar in addition to his diploma in diabetology from annamalai university in chennai.

4. Dr. Sri nagesh

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-sri-nagesh-endocrinologist

Dm - endocrinology, md - paediatrics, mbbs ;

20 years experience 600 at clinic


As an endocrinologist, he is an experienced, well-liked, and hard-working member of the medical community. He did well in school and got his dm in endocrinology from osmania medical college in hyderabad, md in paediatrics from osmania medical college in hyderabad, and mbbs from gandhi medical college in hyderabad.


He has won the prestigious Dr. Y. R. Reddy gold medal for paper on assessment of psychological morbidity in visually challenged adolescent students and the s. V. Rao and m. M. Swamy medal for passing md part-2 on the first try with the best dissertation. He is a successful endocrinologist treating with the disorders of hypo and hyperthyroidism and also treating the patients facing problem of various disorders regarding to the the field of hormone disorders

5. Dr. Jagdish singh

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-jagdish-singh-endocrinologist

Mbbs, post graduate diploma in diabetology (pgdd) ;

41 years experience 200 at clinic


Through his years of excellent work as a talented and dedicated medical expert, he has revolutionised the quality of care for patients. He is a skilled endocrinologist as well as a diabetologist. He has seen numerous satisfied patients throughout his medical career. He has received his undergraduate degree in the clinical field in form of mbbs and his post graduate diploma in diabetology.

6. Dr. Kishore babu

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-kishore-babu-endocrinologist

250 at clinic ;

One of the endocrinologists with the most experience and expertise. His contributions to the field of medicine have earned him a great deal of respect and recognition. In addition to being a skilled general practitioner, he specialises in diabetes care and offers the highest level of treatment to his patients. His participation in rssdi has contributed to his growing reputation as a speaker.

7. Dr. Dilip kumar kandar ;

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-dilip-kumar-kandar-endocrinologist

Mbbs, mdrc (diabetology), m. D. R. F. A. D. A

24 years experience 500 at clinic 350 online


As a diabetologist in the region, he has treated a variety of patients' diseases. In addition, he offers the best care as an endocrinologist, thyroid specialist, general practitioner, and obesity specialist. Due to his mbbs from nrs medical college & hospital, mdrc (diabetology) from madras medical college chennai, and m. D. R. F. A. D. A from madras medical college chennai, he has an extensive medical education.


His commendable accomplishments have earned him the titles of 1st insulin pump prescriber in andhrapradesh and podiatrist & diabeteist food care specialist by wdf & idf. He holds a harvard medical school (usa) certification and an american diabetes association certification.


He is well known for his membership in the indian medical association (ima) and the research society for the studz of diabetes in india and the american diabetes association. 

8. Dr. Shalini patlolla 

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/tirupati/doctor/dr-shalini-patlolla-endocrinologist

Mbbs bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery, dm - endocrinology 

13 years experience 500 at clinic 


Using her medical knowledge, she has assisted locals with a range of medical difficulties. She is an exceptional endocrinologist who also treats patients as a paediatric endocrinologist and diabetologist. She is a well trained physician. She holds an mbbs from Dr. Ntr university of health sciences andhra pradesh and a dm in endocrinology from sri venkateswara institute of medical sciences (svims), tirupati. 


She has extensive experience. She was a professor at the sri venkateshwara institute of medical sciences in tirupati before. She finished first in the endocrinology entrance exam, and she also won the nnf quiz best poster award at escicon.

9. Dr. Shyam kalavalapalli 

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-shyam-kalavalapalli-endocrinologist

Mbbs, mrcp (uk), cct - endocrinology and diabetes mellitus 

28 years experience 700 - 900 at clinic 1000 online 


He uses an interdisciplinary approach to identify and cure complex diseases. As an endocrinologist, he diagnoses and treats a wide range of difficult conditions. The care he offered as a diabetologist was also of the highest standard. He has aided a great many patients. 


Among the medical community, he is a highly respected and educated expert. His academic credentials include an mbbs from kakatiya university, an mrcp (uk) from the royal college of physicians in london, and a cct (certified specialist) in endocrinology and diabetes mellitus from the general medical council. 


He is an important part of indian medical association and has worked in various research programs for the study of diabetes in india and also a renowned part of the association of study of diabetes.

10. Dr. Rakesh sahay

Https://www. Lybrate. Com/hyderabad/doctor/dr-rakesh-sahay-endocrinologist 

Mbbs, dm - endocrinology, dnb - internal medicine, fellow of the american college of endocrinology, fellow of the indian college of physicians

32 years experience 500 at clinic


Through his years of practise as an endrocrinologist, he has helped a great many people. The care he offered as a diabetologist is also of the highest standard. He has an extensive education. He earned his mbbs from osmania medical college in hyderabad, his dm - endocrinology from kmu institute of medical sciences, and his dnb - internal medicine from nizam institute of medical sciences in hyderabad. 


His fellowship in the american college of endocrinology (usa) and his fellowship in the indian college of physicians (ficp) have brought him widespread recognition as a medical expert in the medical field. He is an experienced member of the association of physicians of india, (mid-south zone), executive committee of endocrine society of india as well as of the national advisory board. 
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Diet Tips For Hypothyroidism!

Master Of Science ( Home Science), Bachelor of Home Science, certificate course in diabetic educator from dr.mohan's diabetic center,bbsr
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bhubaneswar
Diet Tips For Hypothyroidism!
Here I am sharing some of the basic diet tips to be followed by a hypothyroidism person as follow:-

Add on more complex carbs like whole grain and whole grain products, brown bread, brown sugar, millets such as jowar, bajra, jaw, etc into your daily diet.
Add on all kinds of pulses & legumes, low fat milk & milk products like curd, cottage cheese, buttermilk etc, and in animal proteins such as lean fish, lean chicken, eggs, etc in moderate amounts.
Add on green vegs, leafy vegs and other vegs in moderate to liberal amounts. Only cruciferous vegs like cabbages, spinach, cauliflower etc needed to be taken in minimal amounts in well cooked form.
Add fruits like ripe apple, ripe guava, ripe papaya, kiwi, all berries except avocados, custard apple, pineapples in restricted amounts can be taken.
Add on both fruit salads and veg salads, clear veg soups and clear non veg soups in desirable quantity in a whole day, i. E. 1 serving in a day.
Add on nuts and roasted seeds in moderate amounts in a whole day's diet, 1serving per day.
In cooking oil, olive oil, canola oil, rice bran oil etc are good to use.
Iodised salt needed to be used in cooking in required amount around 5-6grams per day.
Adequate water intake about 2.5ltrs per day and regular exercise is essential to maintain a healthy life.
Try to take soybean and soy products like soy milk, tofu etc in restricted amounts.
Try to avoid all highly processed and packaged foods and sugary fruit juices available in canned forms.
Try to avoid excess intake of alcohol or smoking cigarettes.
Try to reduce stress and sleep early in night time.
Thus, these are some of the basic diet tips to be followed to maintain a healthy thyroid level.

Best Exercises For Hypothyroidism!

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Best Exercises For Hypothyroidism!
Best Exercises For Hypothyroidism!
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Graves' Disease - How To Resolve It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD Preventive Medicine, PG Diploma Diabetes
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Graves' Disease - How To Resolve It?
Graves' disease, also called as toxic diffuse goiter or exophthalmic goiter is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland resulting in overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). Graves' disease is the most prevalent cause of hyperthyroidism.


The exact cause is unclear.
Enlarged thyroid: Normally, thyroid function is regulated by a hormone released by the pituitary gland. The antibody associated with Graves' disease Thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) acts as the regulatory pituitary hormone. The TRAb overrides the normal regulation of the thyroid, causing an overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). In Graves' disease, the immune system generates antibodies that trigger the TSH receptor, tricking the thyroid into making too many hormones, which speeds up the metabolism.
Risk factors

Family history: It is a known risk factor.
Gender: Women are much more likely to develop Graves' disease than men.
Age: Graves' disease usually develops in people younger than 40.
Other autoimmune disorders: People with other disorders of the immune system, such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis, have an increased risk.
Emotional or physical stress: Stress may act as a trigger for the onset of Graves' disease.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy or recent childbirth may increase the risk of the disorder that is genetically susceptible.
Smoking: Cigarette smoking increases the risk of Graves' disease and also Graves' ophthalmopathy.
Signs and Symptoms

Diffuse palpable goiter with audible bruit (70%)
Tremors (40%)
Exophthalmos (protuberance of one or both eyes, periorbital edema [25%])
Fatigue (70%) and weight loss (60%) with increased appetite in young people and poor appetite in the elderly
Heat intolerance (55%)
Tremulousness (55%)
Palpitations (50%), Heart failure
Enlarged thyroid gland and increased sweating
Weight loss (without a change in diet)
Changes in the menstrual cycle
Erectile dysfunction and reduced libido
Anxiety and irritability
Graves' dermopathy with thick red skin on the shins (rare)

Two signs are truly diagnostic of Graves s disease (i.e., not seen in other hyperthyroid conditions):
Nonpitting edema
A large goiter will be visible to the naked eye; however, a small one may be detectable only on physical examination.
Abnormally high levels of T3 and T4 and a very low level of TSH are good indications of Graves' disease.
Computed tomography and ultrasound can also be used for detection of Graves disease.

Pregnancy issues include miscarriage, preterm birth, fetal thyroid dysfunction, poor fetal growth, maternal heart failure, and preeclampsia.
Heart disorders include heart rhythm disorders, changes in the structure and function of the heart muscles, and congestive heart failure.
Thyroid storm/accelerated hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxic crisis is a rare but life-threatening complication of Graves disease.
Untreated hyperthyroidism also can lead to weak, brittle bones and osteoporosis.
The primary treatment goals are to inhibit the overproduction of thyroid hormones and lessen the severity of symptoms.

Radioiodine therapy: Iodine-131, synthetic thyroid hormone
Medications: Beta blockers and antithyroid medications such as methimazole
Surgery: Thyroidectomy
1493 people found this helpful

Thyroid Problem - Know Forms Of It!

MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Thyroid Problem - Know Forms Of It!
Almost all the metabolic functions of the body are controlled by the thyroid glands. This is a butterfly-shaped gland, located in the neck. It is responsible for producing hormones that control metabolism. When the gland fails to meet the requirement, it is called hypothyroidism. When the thyroid gland produces more hormones than required, then the condition is called hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can lead to various complications. The common thyroid disorders are Hashimoto s disease, Grave s disease, thyroid nodules, and goiter.

1. Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism: When the thyroid gland is overactive, it is called hyperthyroidism. It mostly affects women and men are rarely affected. Racing heart, shaking, profuse sweating, anxiety, sleep disorders, weight loss, nervousness, and bulging eyes are a few symptoms of this condition. Radioactive iodine is given orally or via injection to treat this condition. However, this can destroy the gland in rare cases and lead to hypothyroidism. The opposite of hyperthyroidism is hypothyroidism. Dry skin, memory problems, fatigue, weakness, constipation, coma and slow heart rate are its symptoms. Thyroid hormones pills are given to accelerate the function of the gland. In some cases, when the correct pills are not taken in the right manner, hyperthyroidism may result.

2. Hashimoto s disease: Hashimoto s disease is chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. The symptoms include depression, fatigue, mild weight gain, thinning hair, constipation, puffy face, irregular menstruation, enlarged thyroid, and intolerance to cold. This condition affects middle-aged women mostly, though it can occur in all age groups. This immune system destroys the thyroid gland by mistake resulting in Hashimoto s disease. Hormone replacing medications are used, and at times, surgery is done to remove a part of the thyroid gland. At times, the entire gland is removed.

3. Grave s disease: Grave s disease is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland supposing it to be a foreign body. This leads to overproduction of the hormones. Men and women of all age groups can develop this disease. This is a genetic disease. This condition causes irregular heartbeat, heavy sweating, irregular mensuration, sleeping problems, hand tremors, fatigue, and irritability. The immune system attacking the thyroid gland can never be stopped but only controlled. Beta blockers are given to control the heart rate, and radioactive thyroid is given. Removal of the thyroid gland through surgery is a permanent solution.

4. Goiter: This is enlargement of the thyroid gland. But it is not malicious. Deficiency of iron is the reason behind this disorder. It is also a symptom of hyperthyroidism. This affects people over 40 years of age. Tightness in the neck, coughing, wheezing, and hoarseness of voice are some of the symptoms of goiter. When left untreated, goiter can cause severe complications. Radioactive iodine and surgery are the two promising treatment options.

5. Thyroid nodules: Growths over the thyroid gland are called thyroid nodules and there are no causes behind these. This can be cancerous in a few cases. There are no symptoms in most cases, but difficulties in breathing and swallowing are often seen. Based on the tumor, the treatment option varies. Chemotherapy is one of the most effective treatments for thyroid nodules.
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How Homeopathy Helps Treat Thyroid-Related Skin Problems?

MD - Homeopathy
Homeopathy Doctor, Pune
How Homeopathy Helps Treat Thyroid-Related Skin Problems?
Skin conditions related to thyroid disorders are very common. Thyroid problems arise when the level of TSH goes up or down abnormally, or when something goes wrong with the thyroid gland itself. As a result, the thyroid fails to perform its normal functions such as regulating your metabolism, body temperature, heart rate etc.

The scientific name for skin problems associated with thyroid disorder is Myxedema. Skin disorders are caused when the amount of glycosaminoglycan deposits in your skin is high. This condition is commonly known as Hypothyroidism.

Connection between Hypothyroidism and dry skin-
Hypothyroidism refers to an underactive thyroid gland. Simply put, when your thyroid gland produces insufficient hormones. Due to this condition, hyaluronic acid gets accumulated in your skin, making it dry and scaly.
Thyroid hormone receptors are found in various body parts throughout the skin matrix- skin fibroblasts, epidermal keratinocytes, sebaceous gland cells, hair follicles etc. In simple words, when thyroid hormones are secreted, the receptor sites are notified and retaliate accordingly.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism-
Apart from dry, flaky skin, other obvious signs associated with hypothyroidism are-

Increased sensitivity to cold
Weight gain
Puffy, pale face
Epidermal changes in Hyperthyroidism-
This condition is just the opposite of hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when the thyroid gland produces excess hormones. This leads to thyrotoxicosis, which causes your skin to become inflamed and thin (like in psoriasis or eczema).

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism-
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism differ from that of hypothyroidism.

Brittle nails
Weight loss
Bulging eyes
How Homeopathy helps treat thyroid-related skin disorders?

As stated earlier, hormonal imbalance is the primary cause of thyroid disorders. Homeopathy rectifies the root cause by controlling hormonal imbalance and thus brings about harmony. Homeopathy treats the person as a whole, and thus prevents the condition from recurring.
Homeopathy treats each individual with thyroid-related skin disorders differently. It evaluates the type of skin problem you are encountering, and provides a remedy that directly addresses the condition.
Homeopathy follows a holistic approach. This means, your lifestyle and habits are also taken into account. Moreover, homeopathy medicines are prepared from 100% natural substances extracted from minerals, plant and animal bodies. So they are completely safe to use.
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Homeopathy For Thyroid Dysfunction!

Homeopathy Doctor, Gurgaon
Homeopathy For Thyroid Dysfunction!
It is extremely remarkable to note how homeopathic treatments have gained immense acceptance and recognition in the field of modern-day treatment procedures, offering the most effective and safe medication options. A number of thyroid problems can, in fact, be alleviated with the help of homeopathic remedies, also saving you the trouble of encountering unwanted and unforeseen side effects of the normal prescription drugs. The most common problems pertaining to the thyroid gland are possibly hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both the conditions can be cured with utmost efficacy when the right drugs are prescribed.

Hypothyroidism And Homeopathy -

Hypothyroidism is the medical condition wherein the thyroid gland underperforms and produces insufficient amount of hormones required for the normal functioning of the body. The most effective homeopathic remedies for hypothyroidism are:

Nux Vomica: This remedy is usually recommended to those patients who suffer from extreme temperament and ones who feel chilly often without any particular reason. Obstinate constipation in the patients is also curbed by this medicine. Women with prolonged periods are also prescribed Nux Vomica to decrease the incidence of period related problems.

Lycopodium Clavatum: Patients of hypothyroidism who complain of gastric troubles are the ones who usually opt for Lycopodium Clavatum. Excessive hair fall as a result of hypothyroidism can also be cured with it.

Calcera Carbonica: It is usually ranked as the best medicine for treating hypothyroidism, especially in patients who suffer from cold feet, extreme fatigue, and bowel problems.
Hyperthyroidism And Homeopathy -

A condition wherein the thyroid gland tends to be overactive and produces more than the requisite level of hormones is usually referred to as a classic case of hyperthyroidism. Homeopathic treatments for this abnormality aim at treating the root causes to achieve the best results:

Lachesis Mutus: Hyperthyroidism patients who persistently complain of rising body heat are prescribed this. It also lessens the problems of fatigue and queasiness.

Iodium: Patients who lose their weight quickly despite maintaining a healthy diet are prescribed doses of Iodium. Anxiousness and fatigue are also cured along with other problems.

Conium Maculatum: Patients who suffer from acute depression and refuse to participate in day-to-day activities are generally given this. Trembling and profuse perspiration are treated effectively with the help of Conium Maculatum.
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Thyroid Disorders - Have Ayurveda At Your Rescue!

MD - Ayurveda, Post Graduation Proficiency in Panchkarma, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Ahmedabad
Thyroid Disorders - Have Ayurveda At Your Rescue!
Thyroid disorders are becoming very common nowadays but no need to take medicines for it lifelong. With ayurvedic and panchkarma treatments, a patient can get rid of Thyroid diseases within 5 to 8 months. Thyroid disorders mainly occur in women but also can occur in men, children, teenagers, and babies too.

Thyroid disease is caused due to over or under-functioning of thyroid gland which is located in the front of neck below the Adam s apple. This gland is essential for producing thyroid hormones which regulate body metabolism, body energy and temperature, the use of other hormone and vitamins.

Diseases of Thyroid gland can result in either too much production of its hormones called Hyperthyroidism or too little production of hormones called Hypothyroidism.

Causes of Hypo or Hyperthyroidism:

According to Ayurveda it is mainly caused due to:

Metabolic disorders or digestive disorders,


Irregular lifestyle, dietary and sleeping patterns,

Excessive intake of outside food, maida, bakery, fermented food, fast food, junk food, cold drinks, cold water, refrigerator products, preservative containing food and instant food,

Other causes are Thyroid tissue diseases or cancer, congenital defects, intake of some medicines,

Autoimmune diseases,

In pregnancy and after delivery many times it is detected.

Symptoms of Hypo or Hyperthyroidism:


Poor tolerance of cold temperature or feeling excessive hot at normal temperature,

Constipation or frequent loose motions,

Poor appetite,

Poor concentration, depression, sleeplessness and nervousness,

Irregular menses and PCOD,

Weight gain or Weight loss,

Mood swings,

Changes in voice and puffiness around eyes,

Joint pains,


Management of Thyroidism by Ayurveda:

Ayurveda has very fantastic results in Hypo or Hyperthyroidism. There are 4 important steps for treating Thyroid:

Internal Medicines:

These medicines differ from person to person and according to symptoms.


Some Panchkarma treatments like Vaman, Virechan, Basti, Nasya, Shirodhara, Abhyanga, and Raktamokshan are giving best and fast results in Thyroidism.


By following a proper diet, we can get fast results like avoiding fast & junk food, maida and bakery products, fermented food etc.


It helps to overcome stress to maintain mental peace and physical strength. Some Yoga postures like Suryanamskar, Sarvangasan, Paschimottanasan, Naukasan and Pranayam are also playing an important role in treating Thyroidism.
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