Comprised of three primitive Greek words, gaster(meaning stomach), logos( meaning reason) and enteron(meaning intestine), the word gastroenterology refers to the division of modern medicine dealing with conditions which affect a human being’s digestive tract. These doctors aim to understand digestion in all its aspects including absorption of nutrients and excretion of the excess waste. They manage and treat diseases and disorders of the digestive tract. Specialists of the field are dedicated towards learning about, detecting the presence of and providing proper cure for diseases associated with stomach and the intestines. Though the roots of the specialty lies in ancient Greece and Egypt, the first notable progress in the field was made in 1780 by Italian physician Lazzaro Spallanzani when he provided experimental evidence of how gastric juices affect food items. A person who aspires to be a gastroenterologist must complete three years of residency internship after 4 years of medical school.
If you experience symptoms like pain in the abdomen, an upset stomach, nausea, heartburn, rapid weight loss without any particular reason, constipation or loose stool or observe discharge of blood from your digestive tract, it is advisable to consult a gastroenterologist. These issues can be indications of serious diseases like cancer in the colon, stomach, liver or pancreas or different malabsorption disorders, ulcers etc. Apart from treatment, these experts are also adept at conducting tests and exams such as colonoscopy and endoscopy.
If you are looking for the best professionals of the field to get treatment for gastroenterological disorders, Lybrate can be your one stop solution in Deshapriya Park, Kolkata. Lybrate’s vast network of medical resources makes available the right doctor for your medical issues in Deshapriya Park, Kolkata. By subscribing to Lybrate, you can get access to a large range of medical services by experienced professionals of gastroenterology in Deshapriya Park, Kolkata. Above are the top gastroenterologists you can find in Deshapriya Park, Kolkata.
The physician who treats diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract and the liver is known as a gastroenterologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT GASTROENTEROLOGIST?
Pancreatitis and other disorders associated with the digestive system are often treated by a gastroenterologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF GASTROENTEROLOGIST?
Colonoscopy examinations are performed by gastroenterologists and they also provide consultation services on diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE GASTROENTEROLOGIST FOR
Conditions such as hepatic encephalopathy, intestinal obstruction, corrosive injuries caused due to acids, diseases related to esophageal dysmotility and abdominal pain are treated by a gastroenterologist.
DID YOU KNOW?
An average human being's colon is home to more than 400 species of bacteria.
Causes, Types and Symptoms of Crohn's Disease
One of the most severe illnesses included in the larger group of diseases, is known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Crohn's disease is typically a long-lasting, chronic condition. The intestine or bowel, most commonly the colon and the lower part of the small intestine, are either marked by sores or get inflamed and ulcerated. It is a common occurrence in adolescents and in young adults. Types Crohn's disease is subdivided into five types, each having its own set of symptoms: 1. Ileocolitis - The most common type, it affects the colon and the ileum and results in considerable weight loss as well as diarrhea and cramps. 2. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease - People who suffer from this type of disease have their stomach and duodenum affected and many experience symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite and weight loss. 3. Crohn's Colitis - This involves only the stomach, and can cause joint pains, rectal bleeding, skin lesions and diarrheas. 4. Ileitis - This type of Crohn's disease affects the ileum and the symptoms are identical to those of ileocolitis. 5. Jejunoileitis - In this type, the jejunum gets affected and general symptoms include the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, intensive back pain as well as areas of inflammation. Causes Although there are many theories about what causes Crohn's disease, none of them have been proven. However, there have been a few possible causes which have been identified. These include: 1. Immune system problems 2. Genetic disorders 3. Environmental factors, such as: a) Certain edibles b) Viruses or harmful bacteria c) Smoke Symptoms The primary symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following: 1. Diarrhea: Diarrhea is a common problem for people with Crohn's disease and can occur for about 10 to 20 times a day in severe cases. 2. Blood in your stool: In rare cases, you might notice blood in the toilet bowl or darker blood mixed with your stool. 3. Fever and fatigue: In more intense cases, you may develop a fever. You may also feel tired or have low energy. 4. Abdominal pain and cramping: You may experience anything from slight discomfort to severe cramping and intermittent belly pain, including nausea and vomiting. 5. Anemia: Due to a reduction in iron level caused by bloody stools a person can turn anemic. 6. Reduced appetite and weight loss: Abdominal pain and cramping can affect both your appetite and your ability to digest food, which leads to severe weight loss. 7. Perianal disease: Erratic appearance of small tears in the anus are called anal fissures.