The temporomandibular joint or the TMJ is a joint in your skull that keeps your jaws connected to your skull as well as help you check if the jaws are working fine. There could be times when you experience unbearable pain in this joint (TMJ disorders). This is usually the case when you have other dental issues. The exact cause of the pain is not clear but it could be due to genetics, arthritis or jaw injury.
HOW IS TMJ DIAGNOSED?
TMJ is diagnosed by a general physician who would ask you to open and shut your jaws. One may also suggest an X-ray to check for bone problems.
HOW IS TMJ TREATED?
In most cases, the pain and discomfort associated with TMJ is temporary and can be relieved with self-managed care or nonsurgical treatments. Surgery is typically a last resort after conservative measures have failed, but some people with TMJ disorders may benefit from surgical treatments.
DID YOU KNOW?
Rheumatic disease, such as arthritis, may also affect the temporomandibular joint as a secondary condition. Rheumatic diseases refer to a large group of disorders that cause pain, inflammation, and stiffness in the joints, muscles, and bone. Arthritis and some TMJ disorders involve inflammation of the tissues that line the joints. The exact relationship between these conditions is not known.