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FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER
Familial Mediterranean Fever is an inflammatory condition that causes recurrent fevers and painful inflammation of abdomen, joints and lungs. It is an inherited disorder that affects people of Mediterranean origin. Symptoms of Familial Mediterranean Fever begin in childhood. Common symptoms include:
• Abdominal pain
• Chest pain
• Achy, swollen joints
• Constipation followed by diarrhoea
• Muscle aches
• Swollen, tender rectum
HOW IS FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER DIAGNOSED?
The following tests are conducted by a general physician to diagnose familial mediterranean fever:
1. Physical Exam
2. Review of Family Medical History
3. Blood test
4. Genetic testing
HOW IS FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER TREATED?
There's no cure for familial Mediterranean fever. However, treatment can help prevent signs and symptoms. The following medications are used to control the signs and symptoms:
1. Colchicine taken in the form of pill can help reduce inflammation
2. Other drugs such as rilonacept (Arcalyst) and anakinra (Kineret) can also be used.
DID YOU KNOW?
The first episode of illness in familial Mediterranean fever usually occurs in childhood or the teenage years, but in some cases, the initial attack occurs much later in life. Typically, episodes last 12 to 72 hours and can vary in severity. The length of time between attacks is also variable and can range from days to years.