Urine leakage or incontinence is a condition that is common in many people. The condition is characterized by involuntary loss of bladder control. As we age, our muscles become weak and there is every chance of losing control over the bladder. Many health problems can lead to bladder leakage or incontinence and even frequent urination. Kidney stones, infection, cancer, or enlarged prostrate may cause urine leakage.
Three types of urine leakage or incontinence has been discovered. They are stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Stress incontinence is when urine leakage happens during exercising, sneezing, coughing, or even laughing. Urge incontinence is when a person loses control over their bladder when there is a strong urge to urinate. Overflow incontinence is when the bladder is not fully emptied even after urinating. This condition is also called as ‘dripping'.
Reasons for incontinence can be aging, damage to pelvic floor muscles, enlarged prostrate or cancer. Temporary causes for urine leakage are intake of too much alcohol or caffeinated drinks or other fluids which can cause temporary incontinence.
Incontinence is embarrassing and can cause a social stigma, hence consulting an urologist is necessary. An urologist will recommend medications, supplements and change of diet. Exercises can also help in making the pelvic floor muscles strong and thereby prevent incontinence.