Cardiologists are a type of doctors who help in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of the blood vessels (circulatory system) and the heart. Cardiologists can be of a few types depending on the particular area of cardiology a person specializes in (since cardiology is a very complex branch of medicine). Generally, cardiologists who concentrate on providing their patients diagnosis, ways of management and prevention techniques for cardiovascular diseases are referred to as clinical cardiologists. Clinical cardiologists can be further categorized into two sub-categories depending on the branch of cardiology they specialize in, which are adult cardiology and paediatric cardiology. Some cardiologists may specialize in other different areas which include electrophysiology or echocardiography, and interventional procedures such as stent placement and balloon angioplasty. The main function of a cardiologist is to examine the symptoms you experience along with your medical history and provide a definite diagnosis after recommending specific tests. These tests include an ECG, exercise tests and cardiac catheterization. Though surgeries are not generally performed by cardiologists, they can put in a pacemaker.
Quite a few conditions of the heart, whose symptoms can vary from pain in the chest to a bluish skin tone, including troubles of the circulatory system can be prevented and cured by cardiologists. These conditions include but are not limited to cardiac arrests, deep vein thrombosis, aneurysm, hypertension, ventricular tachycardia, cardiac myopathy, varicose veins, etc.
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A cardiologist can be specialized in various branches of the field, such as pediatric cardiology, adult clinical cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, etc.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT CARDIOLOGIST?
Nausea, fatigue, incessant sweating and heartburn are also signs of cardiovascular disease in many cases and often require the immediate attention of a cardiologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CARDIOLOGIST?
Additional medical testing might be required after which the cardiologist makes an individualized diagnosis of the case and prescribes medication, lifestyle changes and/or surgery.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE CARDIOLOGIST FOR
Cardiologists are also adept at recognizing cerebral disorders that originate from the vascular system.
DID YOU KNOW?
In a given day, the human heart creates enough energy to drive a truck over a distance of more than 30 km.
What Causes Sudden CARDIAC DEATH?
Sudden cardiac death occurs when your heart stops functioning unexpectedly and suddenly. When this happens if you experience sudden cardiac arrest and blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. Sudden cardiac arrest usually results in death if it is not treated within minutes. Occurring during a heart attack, the sudden cardiac arrest should not be mistaken for a heart attack. The immediate cause of sudden cardiac arrest is usually an abnormality in your heart rhythm, which is the result of a problem with your heart's electrical system. Your heart has its own electrical stimulator, which is a specialized group of cells called the sinus node located in the upper right chamber of your heart. The sinus node generates electrical impulses that flow in an orderly manner through your heart to synchronize heart rate and coordinate the pumping of blood from your heart to rest of your body. If something goes wrong with the flow of these electric impulses through your heart, a condition known as arrhythmia occurs, causing your heart to beat too fast or too slow or in an irregular manner. Often these interruptions in rhythm are momentary and harmless. But if it is severe it can lead to a sudden stop in heart function. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common life threatening arrhythmia which is the uncontrolled twitching or quivering of muscle fibers. It must be treated immediately to save a person's life. It can be treated by delivering a quick electric shock through the chest. Risk Factors: There are many risk factors that increase the risk of sudden cardiac death including the history of previous heart attacks, coronary artery disease, smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.