Doctors for Blood Pressure Changes in Lakshmi Narayan Nagar, Hubli-Dharwad
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BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGES
Blood pressure changes throughout the day and it has a daily pattern. Blood pressure changes causes hypertension and hypotension. Hypertension is the condition when the blood pressure changes to an elevated rate in the arteries. Hypotension is when there is lower than normal blood pressure reading. Blood pressure is normally lower at night while sleeping. It continues to rise during the day, while in the late afternoon and evening, it begins dropping again. An abnormal changes in blood pressure pattern, such as high blood pressure early in the morning or during the night, may be a sign of an underlying health problem. Associated conditions include diabetes, thyroid problems, cardiovascular disease, etc.
HOW IS BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGES DIAGNOSED?
The common symptoms of low blood pressure are dizziness and lightheadedness when you stand up from sitting or lying down. Nervousness, sweating, difficulty sleeping or facial flushing are some of the common signs of high blood pressure.
HOW IS BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGES TREATED?
General Physician recommends a 24-hour blood pressure monitoring test to check any abnormality in blood pressure changes and the risk factors.
DID YOU KNOW?
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to blood pressure changes.
The circulation of blood exerts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. This pressure is known as blood-pressure. It is one of the significant vital signs along with oxygen saturation, heart rate, body temperature and respiration rate. Blood pressure is expressed in the form of a ration of the systolic (maximum) and diastolic (minimum) pressures. The normal BP range for adults is 90/60 Hg -120/80 Hg. The normal blood pressure for adults is approximately around 120/80 Hg. Blood pressure in normal adults undergoes rapid fluctuations due to factors like environment, food sensitivity, stress or condition of activity, major changes are brought about as a result of age, emotional upheavals, or health conditions. The nervous and endocrine systems also exert control over the blood pressure.
An adult is diagnosed with low BP when the blood pressure reading returned is less than 90/60 Hg. Rarely a cause of concern in healthy adults, low BP or hypotension is potentially dangerous only if the person faints, experiences dizziness or goes into a shock. Caused by wrong doses of blood pressure medicine, sepsis, severe blood loss, food consumption disorders like anorexia and bulimia or hormonal abnormalities, low BP is also caused by a sudden change of posture.
When the BP of an adult reads over 120/80, the person is diagnosed with high BP. Hypertension usually has two stages. Pre-hypertension is the stage when the systolic pressure is between 120-139 Hg and the diastolic pressure ranges from 80-89. Stage 1 or primary hypertension, often caused by hereditary factors, is the stage when the systolic pressure ranges from 140-59 Hg and the diastolic pressure reading varies between 90-99 Hg. This stage usually develops due to hereditary factors. The advanced or Stage 2 hypertension returns a pressure reading of 160/100 Hg or more.
Pulmonary hypertention is caused when the blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins or pulmonary capillaries increase. It may be genetic, or caused as a result of abuse of drugs like methamphetamine, cocaine, ethanol or exposure to tobacco.
High BP generally has little symptoms. A sudden spike in blood pressure to 180/110 Hg or more causes hypertensive crisis which my lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, hemorrhaging of the brain, fluid accumulation in the lungs and eclampsia in pregnant women. Its symptoms include nosebleed, headaches, severe anxiety and shortness of breath. In extreme cases, hypertension also leads to kidney failure and arterial aneurysms.
High BP develops into the condition called pulmonary hypertension which refers to the increase of blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, or pulmonary capillaries. It causes swelling of the legs, cyanosis, dizziness, fainting and shortness of breath. Pulmonary hypertension can be genetic or as a result of exposure to drugs like cocaine, methamphetamine, ethanol and tobacco.
In order to maintain high BP under check, it is important to monitor the blood pressure continuously and stay in touch with the physician or cardiologist for regular check-ups. Patients are advised to reduce weight, undertake daily exercise and reduce the consumption of sodium, alcohol and caffeine along with an inclusion of wholesome food in the diet.
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