Shigellosis is a form of food poisoning mostly affecting children of age group 2 to 4 years. IT is caused by the shigella bacterium. This medical condition can be caused due to poor eating and hand washing habits. Areas such as health centers, camps, etc. with poor sanitation and large crowd are always at greater risks. It can spread through vegetables, contaminated water and even through physical intimacy. The symptoms arising out of it include stomach cramps, fever followed by diarrhea with blood content.
HOW IS SHIGELLOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician would observe these symptoms and do a stool and blood test to check for the presence of Shigella bacteria.
HOW IS SHIGELLOSIS TREATED?
Due to excessive loss of fluids and dehydration, oral rehydration therapies are provided to patients. Besides these, different kinds of antibiotics are known to help including trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. To provide temporary relief, Antidiarrheal drugs are also used.
DID YOU KNOW?
Toddlers and preschoolers are more likely than older children and adults to get Shigellosis.