Urology is the study of diseases related to the urinary system and also the male reproductive gland. However, Urology gets its name from the two words uro and logy which means urine and study respectively. Therefore, urology roughly translates to the study of urine. This is not true as urologists study diseases which affect the urinary system, the male reproductive system and the cure of those diseases. There are specialists who deal exclusively with problems in the male reproductive system however known as andrologists. While urologists do have more than enough knowledge to deal with problems in the male reproductive system, sometimes urologists refer their patients to andrologists when the condition has aggravated or is beyond their reach. It is worth note that urine samples are also not taken as often as some people may think it is. Rather, common tests which urologists perform include prostate biopsies and cystometric. A prostate biopsy checks if you have prostate cancer by removing small amounts of tissue from your prostate gland. While a cystometry is a test to see how well the bladder is voiding. Common problems which can be diagnosed from these tests include prostate cancer and urinary tract infections. Other problems urologists deal with include kidney stones and bladder infections. Lybrate is a network which puts its doctors through a strict screening test and make them accessible at GurgaonThese urologists who are highly efficient and experienced in their fields can be found in Gurgaon through Lybrate’s vast network. So subscribe to Lybrate today to contact with such doctors in Gurgaon. Above you will get the contact details of the best urologists in Gurgaon.
A physician who specializes in treating the diseases of the urinary tract in female and urinary and sex organs in male.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT UROLOGIST?
Pyuria, caused by infections can be treated by a urologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF UROLOGIST?
A urologist performs orchiectomy to remove one of the testes to cure testicular cancer.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE UROLOGIST FOR
Renal colic, characterized by excruciating pain in the kidney area can be treated by a urologist.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pomegranate juice can help prevent prostate cancer.
Kidney Stones- Should It Be Removed
A kidney stone may not be as big as the stones in your garden, but can be quite a pain. Kidney stones are actually mineral crystals that are usually a combination of calcium and phosphates. The size of a kidney stone ranges from the size of a sugar crystal to a ping pong ball. While some kidney stones pass out of the body along with urine, others can block the urethra and become painful. In addition to being painful, a kidney stone can cause permanent damage to your kidneys. Since large kidney stones are usually painful, they rarely go undiagnosed. However, if a kidney stone is left untreated, it could cause the kidney to atrophy and lower the functionality of the kidney. Kidney stones that are related to an infection can also lead to chronic urinary tract infections and damage the kidney through scarring and inflammation. This could eventually lead to kidney failure. Not all kidney stones need to be treated with surgery. If the kidney stone is very small, your doctor may prescribe plenty of water and medication to treat the pain. With plenty of water, you should be able to pass the stone in your urine. Ideally, you should take plenty of rest until the stone is passed. Larger kidney stones may need you to be hospitalized for treatment. These are: - extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (eswl) To begin this of treatment, a painkiller is administered. Ultrasonic waves are used to determine the location of the kidney stone. Shock waves are then passed through the kidney stone to break it into smaller pieces, which can then pass out of the body through urine. - ureteroscopy This is also called retrograde intrarenal surgery and is performed when the kidney stone is stuck in the ureter. A ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. Laser energy may then be used to break the stone into smaller pieces to unblock the ureter. - percutaneous nephrolithotomy (pcnl) This surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It involves a small incision being made in the back and a nephroscope passed into the kidney through it. Laser or pneumatic energy is then used to break up the stone into smaller pieces and pull them out. - open surgery Open surgery is performed only in the case of an abnormally large stone or abnormal anatomy of the person. An incision is made in the back that allows the doctor to access the kidney and manually remove the stone.