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Endocrine surgeons are surgeons who can lead the treatments for disorders and tumors that affect the thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands, as well as neuroendocrine diseases of the pancreas and GI tract.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT ENDOCRINE SURGEON?
Treatment of Thyroid and Parathyroid disorders needs consultation with an Endocrine Surgeon.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ENDOCRINE SURGEON?
Endocrinologists and endocrine specialists work firmly together to give the most favourable care to patients tormented with endocrine issues.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE ENDOCRINE SURGEON FOR
Pancreas disorders like gastrinoma, insulinoma, pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis and paraganglioma need to be treated by an Endocrine Surgeon.
DID YOU KNOW?
Functions and disorders of endocrine glands: Pituitary Gland
It is the Master gland of the body. It mainly regulates the neurological system and hence it is a neuroendocrine gland. They are responsible for proper maintenance and functioning of the body. Common Disorders of Pituitary gland are Acromegaly,Diabetes Insipidus and Pituitary hormone.
Caused by the excessive secretion of growth hormones. The disease is characterised by Swollen hands,
legs and tissues in the body. Symptoms include Swelling of hands and legs, Enlargement of jaw,
Degenerative arthritis and enlargement of bones in the body.
The disease is characterized by excessive thirst and extreme amount of urine formation.The disease is
caused by insufficient production of antidiuretic hormone.
It leads to impaired attention and memory, decreased muscle mass and retardation in growth.
The most common pituitary tumours are Adenoma and Prolactinoma.
They occur commonly in Pituitary gland.
They secrete prolactin and they are responsible for galactorrhoea, infertility and impotence.
The largest of all the endocrine glands is Thyroid Gland. It secretes hormones namely Thyroid helpful for
physical and mental development.
The major disorders of thyroid gland include Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Goitre and Thyroid
The condition of severe stunted physical and mental growth is called cretinism. Retarded
Skeletal growth, Reduced BMR are the common symptoms of the disease.
It is caused by reduced production of thyroxin. Rate of metabolism is reduced to half.
It is an auto immune disease where the amount of thyroid is more and overactive.
The swelling in the thyroid gland results in goitre. The most common cause is iodine deficiency.
It secretes hormones such as Aldosterone, Corticosterone and Androgens.
It is the second largest gland. Hormones secreted are Insulin, Glucagon, Somatostatin etc.
The major disorders are diabetes mellitus, Hypoglycemia and Pancreatitis.
Type I Diabetes:
Type I Diabetes results from body failure to produce insulin and hence the patient is allowed to produce
or inject insulin.
Type II Diabetes
results from insulin resistance sometimes with an absolute insulin deficiency.
Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes that occurs in women during pregnancy.
Gonads include testis and ovaries.
Ovary: Ovary is the female reproductive organ that produces ovum. Ovaries secrete both estrogen and
Abnormality in the function of ovaries results in the following deficiencies namely
Absence of menstrual blood in reproductive age. It is of two types namely:
It is caused usually due to the congenital absence of uterus or failure of ovary to receive eggs.
It is caused due to the hormonal disturbances from pituitary and
This is caused by low levels of estrogen.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:
It is caused to approximately 5-10% of the women with reproductive age.
Obesity, diabetes and insulin resistance are strongly related with PCOS. The ovaries make follicles but
the eggs do not mature and leave the ovaries. The immature follicles can turn into fluid filled sacs called
cysts. Most women with PCOS have cysts but women with cysts do not have PCOS.
Abnormalities in Testis functioning :
The abnormalities in testis include Hypogonadism, Testicular Cancer.
Hypogonadism is a disorder that occurs in men with insufficient production of
testosterone. Primary hypogonadism occurs when there is a problem with the pituitary gland which sends
chemical messages to the testicles to produce testosterone.
It occurs when abnormal cells in the testicles divide and grow uncontrolled. It can develop in the testicles of younger boys. A lump or irregularity in the testis is the major symptom of