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Melioidosis, also called Whitmore's disease, is an infectious disease that can infect humans or animals. The disease is caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. The symptoms most commonly stem from lung disease where the infection can form a cavity of pus (abscess). The effects can range from mild bronchitis to severe pneumonia. As a result, patients also may experience fever, headache, loss of appetite, cough, chest pain, and general muscle soreness.
HOW IS MELIOIDOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by a general physician who would do a culture test. Alongside other blood tests are taken to avoid risks of recurrent diseases.
HOW IS MELIOIDOSIS TREATED?
The treatment is divided into two stages – intravenous high intensity phase and eradication phase to prevent recurrence. Intravenous ceftazidime is the drug injected in the first phase following which eradication is recommended with co-trimoxazole and doxycycline for 12 to 20 weeks.
DID YOU KNOW?
Experts estimate that about 165,000 new cases of this disease are identified worldwide a year and that more than half result in death. This makes the disease as deadly as measles or dengue.