Fissure or anal fissure is a small tear in the anal opening. Fissure may occur due to passage of hard stools or due to injury. It causes pain and bleeding while passing stools. Symptoms are:
• Severe pain during bowel movements
• Pain after bowel movements lasting up to several hours
• Bright red blood in stools
• Itching or irritation around the anus
• Small lump or skin tag near the anus
• Visible crack in the anus
HOW IS FISSURE DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a rectal exam and look at the anal tissue.
The doctor may recommend further testing in case of any underlying condition which includes Flexible sigmoidoscopy and Colonoscopy.
HOW IS FISSURE TREATED?
There are many ways to treat anal Fissures. These include home based treatments to relieve the muscled and to fix the constipation issue. It takes only a few days to rid you of the pain. Only if the condition does not improve even after weeks of these treatments should you consult a General Surgery department in a clinic to check if surgery is required. Lateral internal sphincterotomy is the name of the surgery performed for treating Fissures.
DID YOU KNOW?
You can avoid Fissures by eating a lot of green vegetables and fruits and by drinking a lot of fluids?