Pediatrics is the division of medicine that is concerned with the care of young babies, children and adolescents. A medical professional who specialises in such a branch is called a pediatrician. The smaller and far more fragile body of an infant grows and matures very differently from that of an adult and therefore needs special, focused care. Genetic defects, congenital variance, developmental issues of infants and adolescents require greater attention from pediatrics than adult medical practitioners. All medicine and therapy that is suggested is all done by keeping the delicate physiology of the infant in mind.
A pediatrician is the first to examine your baby’s health status soon after it is discharged after its birth. If they feel that it needs specialised care, then they will coordinate with other specialised healthcare providers to do the same. A general pediatrician would treat all the typical infectious diseases that infants and children suffer from such as chicken pox, mumps, and measles. They could be treating from something as commonplace as a flu to a complicated condition such as cerebral palsy. Since children lack any communicative skills initially, pediatricians diagnose their problems based on visual and auditory cues. Apart from the basic medical care provided, pediatricians are in charge of monitoring the growth and development of the baby as it matures to an infant, adolescent and then a teenager. Therefore, they go a long way in making an impact on the future health of a child, and also to instill a sense of parental responsibility within parents.
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A doctor who is trained to identify diseases and prescribe medication for children.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT PEDIATRICIAN?
A pediatrician is trained to recommend immunizations and vaccinations, and do physical examinations on children.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF PEDIATRICIAN?
A pediatrician helps parents to understand complex medical information, which may benefit their child.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE PEDIATRICIAN FOR
A pediatrician treats diseases like asthma, cerebral palsy and down syndrome in children.
DID YOU KNOW?
A child spends 40% of his childhood sleeping.
4 Common Diseases that Babies are Susceptible To
Infants often suffer from certain diseases which need proper care and timely treatment for quick recovery. At times, it can be difficult to communicate with an infant and understand his/her needs and problems but with a close observation you will surely be able to detect any alteration in the baby's behavior and sense it when he/she is ill. Here are some of the most common diseases infants are susceptible to and what you can do about them. 1. Abdominal distension It is normal for a baby's belly to stick out after he/she has been fed, but if between feedings there is swelling in the abdomen or it feels hard, it can be an indication of a problem. If this symptom is accompanied by vomiting and absence of bowel movements for more than two days, your baby may be suffering from abdominal distention. This condition may have been caused by swallowing of extra air by the baby while crying or feeding. In such a situation, a pediatrician should be consulted for proper diagnosis and treatment. 2. Jaundice It is common among newborns to develop mild forms of jaundice as the undeveloped liver is often not able to eliminate the chemical bilirubin from the blood. Mostly, this situation proves to be harmless till the level of bilirubin reaches a certain limit. After that, the disease must be properly treated to avoid damage to the baby's brain or nervous system. 3. Rsv infection Rsv or respiratory syncytial virus is responsible for causing respiratory problems among infants. Rsv infection usually affects the bronchial passage and shows symptoms like cough, runny nose and mild fever which may even lead to bronchitis. Moreover, this infection may also develop into viral pneumonia, which makes it more important to consult a pediatrician if your baby shows any of the above symptoms. 4. Diarrhea Infants are susceptible to watery bowel movements due to the action of virus, allergens, specific medications or bacteria. If you observe that your baby is passing stools more often than usual and it is watery, then it may be a case of diarrhea. Sometimes, these symptoms are accompanied by high fever, abdominal pain, lethargy, vomiting, dry eyes and mouth etc. In this situation you should consult your pediatrician and focus on replacing the fluids your baby has lost, to prevent dehydration.