Periodontal plastic surgery is performed to improve the aesthetic of the gum tissues and its position relative to the teeth. It is performed by the dentists who have taken advanced training in plastic surgery. The major aim of periodontal plastic surgery is to increase the life expectancy of the teeth and its usefulness. It is designed to restore the form and function of the gum tissues, periodontal ligaments and the one that supports the teeth or an individual tooth. It is not a cure for the periodontal disease or gum disease. The procedure of the periodontal plastic surgery treatment involves covering the exposed root surface or removing the excess gum tissues to correct the gummy smile. Gingival tissue grafting is generally used to perform the surgery. The periodontal surgeon reconstructs and regenerates the lost and destroyed gingival tissue. The surgical manipulation of gum tissues by taking it from one site of the donor to another site of the recipient, where is it attached and it grows further, is grafting. Many patients are surprised to find how painless and easy the surgery is. The surgery is performed with the help of highly sophisticated periodontal technology. The result is a completely closed wound known as primary healing technique. Since it does not have any complication and only a few precautions are supposed to be taken for few days after the surgery, as advised by the dentist.