Colic a condition generally seen in babies is a condition where an infant has paroxysms of irritability, fussing, or crying lasting for a total of three hours a day and occurring on more than three days in any one week for a period of three weeks. The crying of fussing most frequently begins suddenly and often after a feeding. The cry is loud and continuous and the spells last from one to four hours. The baby's face often gets flushed or red. The belly is sometimes distended or prominent, the legs alternating between flexed and extended straight out; the feet are often cold and the hands clenched. The episodes while they can occur at any time of the day or night, typically begin in the late afternoon or early evening.
HOW IS COLIC DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of colic can be done by a general physician or pediatric expert too. The doctor would examine the different symptoms and in rare cases an examination to check the oesophagus may be suggested.
HOW IS COLIC TREATED?
In the case of severe colic in babies, treatment is done by administering gas-relief medications and probiotics. For other types of colic, appropriate treatment is required. In the case of colic due to kidney stones or gallstones, either medical management or surgical removal is followed.
DID YOU KNOW?
A few measures taken by parents may help prevent colic in babies. The measures include:
• Eliminate milk products, caffeine, onions, cabbage, and any other potentially irritating foods from the own diet.
• Do not overfeed your baby,
• Walk your baby in a baby carrier to soothe her.
• Rock the baby
• Introduce a pacifier.
• Lay your baby tummy-down across your knees and gently rub her back. The pressure against her belly may help comfort her.
• Swaddle the baby.