Anal fissures are generally characterized by cracks or tears in the anal cavity or canal. Fissures can be caused due to both traumatic and non-traumatic diseases. Common symptoms of chronic fissures include immense pain during defecating, bleeding, itching and unusual discharge from the anus. They can be caused due to severe constipation and severe diarrhea. Sometimes trauma to the skin which lies between the vagina and the anus during childbirth also results in anal fissures.
Fissures can also be caused due to chronic constipation or diarrhea. During childbirth the portion of skin between the vagina and anus gets stretched considerably. This also results in chronic fissures.
There are many factors that can make you more prone to developing anal fissure such as constipation, old age, childbirth, anal intercourse and inflammatory bowel disease. It may give rise to a lot of serious complications as well if it is not treated on time. It is advisable to visit a certified rectal surgeon or a gastroenterologist if the inflammation doesn't cease. Sometimes the anal fissure extends to the anal sphincter (the muscle ring which closes your anus). This can make it extremely difficult for the fissure to heal. Treatment of fissure is highly recommended in such cases.
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