Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a serious form of pneumonia. It is caused by a virus that was first identified in 2003. Infection with the SARS virus causes acute respiratory distress (severe breathing difficulty) and sometimes death.
SARS has flu-like symptoms that usually begin two to seven days after infection. In some cases, the incubation period can be up to 10 days.
The symptoms of SARS include:
a high temperature (fever) over 38C (100.4F)
fatigue (extreme tiredness)
loss of appetite
HOW IS SARS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of SARS is done by a general physician who would do an X-ray along with some blood tests.
HOW IS SARS TREATED?
Usually such patients are treated by giving them a dose of strong antibiotics. This is followed with antiviral medicines and in some cases hospitalisation is also needed. Steroids are provided in case the lungs are to swelled up.